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On the Road to the Knowledge Based Society
Nepal is a mountainous LLDC which suffered from a long civil war that destroyed the country’s telecommunication infrastructure. The country’s ranking has plummeted since the first Survey (130th in 2003) and the country now ranks at 165th. However, this trend seems to be slowly reversing as Nepal dropped only one place since the 2012 Survey (from 164th to 165th), whereas from 2010 to 2012 it dropped 11 places (from 153rd to 164th). In order to improve its egovernment, the government of Nepal has been working towards a holistic e-government transformation to provide better services to citizens, improve transparency and to work towards the knowledge based society. Eight projects were selected as priority for the e-government transformation; groupware, government portal, national ID, e-Education, infrastructure, enterprise architecture, Public Key Infrastructure, Integrated Data and Training Center and groupware. The country’s 2006 IT Policy provides a broad framework for e-government transformation with the aim to transform Nepal into a knowledge society that can fully harness the benefits of e-governance to promote good governance and advance socio-economic development and reduce poverty by 2015. The policy is divided into regulatory framework, infrastructure, e-government content and applications, private sector participation, human resource development and organization.
Source: United Nations University, International Institute for Software Technology, Center for Electronic Governance, 2011.