In 2002, the Ministry of Manpower (MOMP) drew clear directions to manage the increasing number of jobseekers. They are categorized into skilled jobseekers which would be slated for direct employment, under-skilled jobseekers who would require training in vocational skills (the target for the Naamal programme), semi-skilled jobseekers and jobseekers with specialized skills.
Ministry of Manpower (MOMP) Training and Employment (Naamal) programme was initiated by the Directorate General of Employment as a service to the private sector to find skilled manpower to match their business requirements. This is done in line with the Omanisation strategy in which Omanisation quota was targeted in 11 sectors namely SANAD Programme (SME), Wholesale and Consumer Products, Transportation, IT, Telecommunications, Automobile industry, Tourism and Hospitality, Construction, Utilities (electricity and water), Oil and Gas, Specialised consultancy offices. Due to the Omanisation target for the various sectors, it is imperative that companies achieve the target so that they can obtain other services from the MOMP especially manpower work permit for expatriate labour. The programme covers two type of training, On-Job-Training and skilled or semi-skilled full-time training at accredited training providers for fresh job seekers. During the course of the training, trainees are paid training allowance (two-thirds from the Ministry of Manpower and one-third from the sponsoring company). After the training, trainees are employed by the sponsoring company and they will have to complete the obligatory employment bond before they decide to quit the company. If the trainee quit before the end of the obligatory services, they will be made to compensate for the full cost of training. Through this programme, MOMP strives to match the needs of the private sector, provide the necessary training to upskill the jobseekers and provide employment for the job seekers. In so doing, the MOMP build the capacity of the Omanis to match the burgeoning industrial requirements in the Sultanate. These training include skills and competencies for the tourism & hospitality, oil & gas, IT & Administration, technical, engineering, carpentry, etc.
Since its implementation in 2003, about 31,316 jobseekers have been trained and obtained employment in more than 2000 private companies. These jobseekers have been given a good headstart in their career from the Naamal Programme. In totalilty through the MOMP initiative, more than 71,000 Omanis gained employment in the private sector in 2009 which accounts for 64% of the total number of jobseekers in the manpower database.