eKasih was established in October 2007 as a new initiative to improve the effectiveness of poverty eradication implementation programmes. It is a centralized National Poverty Data Bank which keeps information related to poverty such as detail profile of the poor and hardcore poor, aids’ received from various government agencies, economic programmes/projects etc. The main objective of eKasih is to avoid duplication of aids/programmes given and leakages to the poor and hardcore poor by establishing a central data bank which can be accessed and used by all agencies and other related parties involved in poverty eradication programmes at federal and state levels. Thus, all agencies are accessed and referred to the same repository.
eKasih keeps detail profiling of the poor and hardcore poor as a base for national poverty programmes planning and aid distribution. Information captured is detail of programme/project information, head of household (HOH) profile, member of household (MOH) profile including details of location, residence, education levels, skills and job, property ownership, health condition, sources of household income and aids received. As of November 2011, there are more than 350,000 head of household and more than 1.2 million member of household registered and verified in eKasih.
The system has four main components, i.e. poverty profile (individual, aids, programmes/projects), Executive Information System (dashboard, GIS, dynamic reporting) and Knowledge Based (best practices, e-library). Executive Information System (EIS) provides facility for management to monitor and track the latest status of poverty in the form of dashboard and GIS for better presentation.
eKasih is an online web based application system operating on Microsoft platform. The application is running on Windows Server 2003 using Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) 2.0 Web Server. It used Microsoft ASP.NET 2005 as the web development tools and is written using C Sharp (C#). For the content management tools, it used Microsoft SharePoint Server 2007. The web application is connected to Microsoft SQL Server 2005 database engine.
Report generated by the application is pre-designed using Microsoft Reporting Services. For the Executive Information System (EIS) and data analysis, eKasih uses another supporting tool, Speedminer Business Intelligence to generate an ad-hoc analysis and dynamic reporting for the top management in the form of dashboard, performance tracking, trajectory and poverty mapping. ETL Server is used to load the data from eKasih database to Business Intelligence Server (EIS module).
The system was completed and implemented nationwide starting from July 2008. Every agency responsible for poverty is granted online access to the same source of data according to their group of responsibilities. As a result, agencies are able to provide suitable programmes for the poor and hardcore poor based on information stored in eKasih. Poverty status and poverty mapping can be accessed by all registered users. Coordination and monitoring of the poor and hardcore poor can easily be done through eKasih as the entire poverty list is already captured.
eKasih has also enhanced its reporting module to a mobile application called ICU Mobile Executive Report (iMEX) which enables Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, Cabinet Ministers and Chief Secretaries of the related ministries to access eKasih reports through iPad, iPhone, Blackberry and Androids. The application was launched on September 2011. The technology makes the monitoring and planning at the fingertips at a very quick, concise, and intuitive way.