The Republic of Korea had increased its R&D investment by 10% every year, and the efficiency of R&D investment had been a national issue.
The Korean government had investigated, analyzed, and assessed national R&D projects every year, and then it had announced the assessment results before the initiative. However, the release of information was limited and announcement time was deferred. Therefore, Korean government agencies, universities, research institutes, and companies had difficulties in using such results.
Each governmental agencies exclusively possessed and managed its R&D information. This fact required much time and many efforts to establish R&D strategies, make a budget, and assess national R&D projects. Also, the budget was assigned to similar and overlapped R&D projects.
Small and medium businesses and individual researchers had difficulties in using research facilities and could not get counseling of experts about the complicated procedures. Common utilization procedure lacked in accessibility to source data of national R&D, which has continuously required administrative reform quite simplified.
To solve problems described above, the National Science & Technology Commission (NSTC hereinafter) legislated knowledge management policies so that ministries, universities, research institutes funded by the government, companies, and citizens could share and use national R&D information together. Based on this, it was possible to provide one-stop service to citizens by integrating national R&D information created by ministries.