a. The NAO examined how the responsible offices have implemented national strategic guidelines by, among others, answering the following audit questions: (1) Are adequate preventive structures in place? (2) Is there an appropriate drainage system regarding flood water? (3) Are residences located in threatened areas? If so, what measures have been taken to reduce damages or put preventive structures?
b. The NAO included photographs of flooded areas as evidence of poorly managed flood prevention and response systems. For example, the NAO evaluated flood disaster management from January 1990 to December 2005, and evaluated Government entity data, as well as compared photographic evidence of flooded areas and flood prevention structures taken in 1990 and 1991 with those of 1997-1998 and 2005. In doing so, the Office was able to evaluate Government responses to flood emergencies and management over a period of time.
c. NAOT used Babati District as a case study and later on generalized the findings by confirming with the central organs responsible for Disaster Management in the country. This approach is less resource intensive because it allows the auditors to focus on few areas but thoroughly and later confirmed with central government organs to establish the relevance and adequacy of the collected information. Through this approach, minimal financial resources and time consumed for the data collection.
The achievements are as follows:
a) Design flood mitigation structures that take into account the likelihood that flood risks may increase over time, and to perform the construction in a timely manner by TANROADS;
b) Consult engineers (Carl Bro Consulting Firm) incorporated lessons learned;
c) Town planners in Babati Town Council consider flood risks when allocating land and ensure that preventive structures and measures are installed in flood prone areas;
d) Establishment of Regional and District Disaster Management Committees in all regions and Districts
The NAO, the government and the Parliamentary Oversight Committee responsible for Local Government Authorities evaluated the actions taken by the Government to address the identified problems with regard the management of floods in Tanzania.
The evaluation conducted to assess the level of implementation of NAO recommendations. The impacts were measured both quantitatively and qualitatively. Issues like formulation of Disaster Management Committees, assessment of floods problem, construction of defense structures, planning and allocating funds for disaster management at the regional and district levels, town planning were also assessed.
There is budget for the disaster management and the Disaster Management committees are formulated in each and every region in Tanzania and found to have a well planned and defined description of functions than before.
A number of stakeholders such as residents of Babati, Tanzanians, Central Government (e.g. Prime Minister’s Office – Disasters Management Department, TANROADS), Local Government Authorities (such as Manyara Regional Secretariat, Babati District Council, Babati Town Council) and neighbouring countries benefitted.
The benefits can be seen through having strategic and sustainable plans, well defined and effective structures for Disasters intervention in the country, effective strategies for disasters intervention and allocating fund for addressing the arising disasters.