| 4. In which ways is the initiative creative and innovative?
The issue of unwanted girl child was raised in women conference (Mahila Panchayat) on 30th July 2006. State government also was keen to address the declining sex ratio and gender inequalities.
Department of Women & Child Development decided to formulate a scheme that would create a positive environment for the birth, survival and well being of girl children. Health and education were also linked to the scheme to ensure holistic empowerment of women.
Detailed statistical and financial analysis done to calculate number of girls likely to be benefited by the scheme and to set the criteria for selection of beneficiaries, for allocation of funds & expenditure prospectively to make the scheme sustainable
Critical to ensure transparency and ease of access since huge volume of financial incentives was involved so that it should be used for the purpose for which it is given.
Selection of suitable agency with largest outreach covering even the remotest places for preparation of secured instrument was critical. In this light the selection of Postal Department NSC was made and a Memorandum of Understanding was made with the Postal Department.
A year of several rounds of discussions held with senior officials of state govt., various departments and stakeholders to formulate the scheme (From July 2006 to January 2007).
Draft scheme was sent to District Collectors, Zila Panchayat, field level functionaries, various institutions working for women empowerment and eminent persons for suggestions to make the scheme transparent and easy to access.
The scheme has been formulated by actively involving and incorporating appropriate suggestions of each stakeholder in every process of designing and implementation of scheme.
Draft on ‘Ladli Laxmi Yojna (LLY)’ shared at various forums with all stakeholders
Post approval from State Cabinet in Feb. 2007, the full and final draft of LLY implemented from 1st April, 2007
Smart democratic/ participatory leadership skills experienced during the implementation of scheme.
Constitution of core team comprising of senior officials from the department for timely guidance & support to ensure good practices, to make the scheme beneficiary oriented, to rectify queries, suggestions and complaints received from the grassroots.
Monthly review of the performance on the scheme has been undertaken to ensure smooth implementation and resolving the issues if any arise during the course of implementation.
The changes in the scheme guidelines and eligibility criteria to extend the possible outreach have taken place frequently:-
• Registration of girl child up to five years of birth in case of families where one or both the parents are dead.
• If two or more girl children are born at a time in case of first & second delivery, then all the girls are eligible for the scheme.
• Such families who have not registered within one year or due to medical reasons may be considered as special cases by the District Collectors.
• Eligible girl child of women prisoners.
Issuing timely guidelines to field functionaries on changes made to ensure wide coverage
Detailed MIS, ladlilaxmi.com developed for on line tracking of each beneficiary on development indicators (health & education) till 18 years, data compilation, storage, analysis and management, collating with department of Post for NSC preparation and renewal and with Lok sewa guarantee Kendra for increased outreach and transparency. It has inbuilt SMS facilities with mobile android applications, hindi font readability, google analytics.
MIS also includes helpdesk management for responses to each query of users within 24 hours.
IEC campaigning (pamphlets, posters, books, news, advertisements, audio-visual materials,hoardings, wall writing, cinema slides, trainings, workshops) for creating positive environment.
| 5. Who implemented the initiative and what is the size of the population affected by this initiative?
A. Government of Madhya Pradesh
Full support in implementing the scheme. Sanctioning of special cases. Framing policies for making scheme more beneficiaries oriented. Enhancing criteria to cover eligible beneficiaries.
B. Directorate of Women Empowerment
Designing, Implementation, Monitoring & supervision of the scheme. Issuing timely guidelines to field functionaries on changes made in scheme to ensure wide coverage. Effective IEC campaigning for creating positive environment favoring girl child. Designing, developing & printing of communication materials like brochures, pamphlets, hoardings and audio-visual materials for mass campaigning. Involving opinion makers, institutions and other eminent people for suggestion and support. On line tracking of each beneficiary to ensure effective delivery of services for better health & education. Coordinating with Department of Health & family welfare for timely vaccination and other support services and with Department of Education for enrollment of girls in school. Coordinating with Department of Posts for timely preparation of NSCs and ensuring that it is delivered in time. Regular visits by the core team for random checks to zero down the instances of corruption if any.
C. Department of Posts & Telegraph
Preparation/ Renewal & timely delivery of instruments.
D. Department of Health & Family Welfare, Education and Panchayat & Rural Development
Health: - Providing all support services. Ensuring vaccination, routine health checks, referral if required.
Education:- Enrollment in school, free educational kits, nutritional meals, motivating families to check drop outs.
E. Girl Child
Registration, immunization, nutrition and school enrollment
| 6. How was the strategy implemented and what resources were mobilized?
Ladli Laxmi, the flagship scheme of the state government was designed especially to tackle declining child sex ratio, a critical developmental indicator in most of the developed and developing countries. The initiative has been taken by the state on priority and involves huge financial, technical and human resources. The following resources were used:-
a. Financial Resources
The scheme is financially supported by the state government. The budget allocation is made every year for the initiative. At the time of inception, provision of INR 26 crores was made to implement the initiative, but increasing awareness among the public and the benefits the scheme had, has created a huge demand. Accordingly, every year substantial provision has been made to implement the initiative. At the start of this financial year, a total of INR2324.87 crores has been spent. The year wise expenditure is as follows:-
Year Sanctioned Outlay Investments (Rs. In Crs)
( Rs. In Crs) On Beneficiaries Overheads
2007-08 26.00 24.55 1.55
2008-09 135.00 119.33 15.67
2009-10 250.36 248.97 1.39
2010-11 323.60 322.08 -
2011-12 694.60 694.09 -
2012-13 897.24 897.24 -
Total 2326.66 2306.26 18.61
The scheme is so beautifully designed that over 98% of the total outlay would be spent directly on the beneficiaries. Only 2% is kept to meet overheads which make the scheme highly cost effective.
b. Human Resources
The state has a wide geographical outreach. It has 51 district headquarters, 313 blocks and over 80000 villages. Hence a huge number of human resources were required to implement the initiative. This also required huge volumes of financial resources in the form of Administrative overheads. The department had decided to implement the initiative with the existing manpower available with it without increasing the burden on the outlay of the scheme so that the administrative costs may be reduced and maximum benefits would be given to beneficiaries. A series of trainings were provided to staff at all levels for their capacity building. The intricacies of the scheme were also discussed and shared during the training to get maximum results. Regular workshops and meetings were also conducted to ensure optimum involvement of functionaries involved with the scheme.
c. Technical Resources
The scheme caters to a huge population. The responses received from the public and eligible families have tremendously increased the coverage since inception. It was becoming difficult to track each and every family and ladli on all development indicators. Even the data compilation and managing records manually was tough. There was no back up data support in case if data was lost. ICT tools were designed for data compilation and management. A team of professionals were inducted to handle the data management. Proper data backup has been established. A help desk has also been developed to get feedback from the public on the scheme. Everything was brought under one click to ease the process. The scheme has also been brought under the purview of Lok Sewa Guarantee Act to ensure timely delivery of the services and for ensuring transparency.
| 7. Who were the stakeholders involved in the design of the initiative and in its implementation?
Growing registration of Ladlis (Girl children) :- Contributing to positive sex ratio
The Ladli Laxmi scheme came into existence due to declining Child Sex Ratio in the state. The scheme has resulted in good responses from different castes and communities. In the first year of implementation only 40854 Girls were registered under the scheme. These girls are not only living a healthy life but as of now over 16, 00,000 girls are duly registered and availing benefits of the scheme. The scheme is able to provide financial strengths to the girls and will ensuring self reliance once they attain 18 years of age.
b. Improved health
The scheme has an inbuilt component of providing health intervention to all Ladlis. It was ensured that each girl child has undergone all important vaccines like Polio, BCG, Khasra, Hepatitis B etc. so that their health status may improve. It was observed that the ladlis covered under the scheme have been immunized properly. As of now over 1.4 million ladlis are fully immunized. The ladlis are availing nutritional supplements in aanganwadis as a result of which, a number of girls have come out of malnutrition.
c. Family Planning
The scheme also envisages adoption of family planning methods for overall population control. The ladli families are willingly adopting family planning methods. There are instances where families are adopting family planning methods after the birth of two girl children only. Such instances show growing importance of the girl children and change in attitudes of their respective families towards the birth of girl children. Even families with one girl child have undergone family planning.
d. School enrollment
The ladlis enrollment is almost 100%. The ladlis registered in 2006 and 2007 are now enrolled in schools for their education. Total 372590 ladlis are now getting formal education.
e. Environment building
The scheme has created an enabling environment for girls in the society. Mass campaigning has impacted on proliferation of the scheme. It has helped in breaking traditional mindset of society where only the birth of a baby boy was celebrated. The families from all across the state are now proactively accessing the benefits of the scheme, and now the birth of a girl child is also being celebrated. The scheme has now become a movement for holistic empowerment of women.
| 8. What were the most successful outputs and why was the initiative effective?
M.P. is hugely populated with a vast geographical outreach. Capturing information on selected development indicators like health, education, family planning etc, tracking of Ladlis till 18 years of age, consolidation of data, response to queries and renewal of instruments, monitoring manually was difficult.
In order to ease the process of tracking, provide access to beneficiary and to ensure transparency, the Department in 2009 thought of establishing a strong, viable and easy to handle online computerised Management Information System.
Centers No Extent of services
State Data Centre 1 All kind of network support, security, compilation, consolidation, report
generation, sorting discrepancies, training and capacity building, help desk management, suitability checks of the system etc.
Divisional Data Centre 10 Data compilation & management, system support
District Data Centre 50 Data validation, compilation, progress report system support, etc.
Project Data Centre 453 Data feeding & data management, system support, transparency checks etc.
Access Centers Over 3000 All information for users, help desk
Centers through Lok All
Seva Guarantee Act
a. Activity monitoring
Physical and financial progress, beneficiary/village/project/district wise progress is monitored through online management system.
b. Process monitoring
Process monitoring by organizing workshops with field functionaries and other stakeholders, has helped in making the scheme more flexible and demand driven. Regular visits conducted to obtain feedback from the families on outputs. Online help desk has helped in fine-tuning the scheme as per the need of families.
c. Outcome monitoring
The targets achieved on various development indicators, number of families covered under the scheme and number of National Savings Certificates issued/ renewed etc. are monitored regularly.
The scheme is regularly been evaluated to assess the impact of the scheme. Physical and financial evaluation is done through online management system. Various studies have also been conducted through independent agencies to assess the impact. The evaluation process is as under:-
a. Physical and financial evaluation (in house)
The physical and financial performance in the scheme is regularly evaluated at various levels. The discrepancies if any, are also rectified timely.
b. Financial evaluation
The financial evaluation of the scheme is also done by the Auditor General to assess the utilization of funds on yearly basis.
c. Impact assessment
Impact assessments has also been conducted by external agencies to get third party view on the scheme. The scheme has been rated high in all the studies conducted.
| 9. What were the main obstacles encountered and how were they overcome?
The initiative has made an impact on the survival of girl children in a patriarchal society. Even families traditionally prone to patriarchy have shown changed mindset due to the initiative. This has resulted in considerable increase in the registration of ladlis. Main obstacles encountered were as follows:-
a. Rigorous and time consuming procedure.
At the time of design the powers of sanction was kept with headquarters. Prior to sanction, the application had to be routed through various functionaries at the village, block and district level. At every stage the application form and relevant documents were verified and then recommended to headquarter for sanction. The process was time consuming and at times it was difficult to resolve the cases timely.
b. Data compilation and management
The ladli laxmi scheme has extended its outreach to over 50000 populated villages. Sanction of cases was initially accorded from the state office, resulting in storage of huge volume of data in the form of documents and involvement of manpower for sequencing and managing the data. Manual storage often causes errors and delays in resolving cases. Timely response to numerous queries was also a challenge. Manual tracking of data and issuance of instruments was difficult.
These obstacles were overcome by adopting the following measures:-
a. Decentralisation of powers
With time, Directorate decentralized powers to the districts. Now Project officer is the key person for sanctioning/rejection of all cases. In case of any difficulty, Collector is the hearing and sanctioning authority. Special cases are referred to Principal Secretary for decision.
b. Online management system
A web enabled online management system ladlilaxmi.com is now in place to monitor all aspects of the scheme. This has resulted in expeditious disposal of cases/queries. The data can be generated in time for analysis and reports.