E-Athlete : ICT for excellence in sports
Directorate Sports and Youth Welfare

A. Problem Analysis

 1. What was the problem before the implementation of the initiative?
Situation before the Initiative Madhya Pradesh is among one of the promising states in the country which has earmarked considerable growth on development indicators. The state has performed remarkably well in the areas of literacy, education, health, agriculture etc. However, sports in Madhya Pradesh in past were only a means of leisure and physical fitness. Parents generally discouraged their children from opting for sports as career. Sports do not receive same amount of respect as studies. The youth, especially the tribal youths possess good physique, stamina and had sound health suitable to sporting environment. However, they were not getting equal opportunities in sports due to their poverty. The youths were supposed to do some work, especially the agricultural laborers in rural areas for supplementing their family income. Even in the urban areas poverty has led to youths to get involved in getting work opportunities in early age. Hence, there was a need to sensitize youth that sports can also bring joy, happiness and pride and create economic empowerment through attractive prize money, awards and employment opportunities. The Sports Directorate initiated a huge campaign for involving more athletes in sports. The initiative has resulted in involving youths in huge volumes. More men and women athletes are now taking sports as their career option. The athletes were tested manually on physical parameters which was prone to errors. The use of computers was done only for the storage of data. Coaching was done on the basis of common modules. The medal tally showed slow growth and the players were off the track and fields for prolonged periods due to major injuries. Major problems needed to be addressed Prior to the initiative the athletes were manually tested only on physical parameters. The time and cost of the physical and medical tests was quite high. These manual tests were prone to errors due to human errors and misinterpretation of data. Also the athletes were not tested on physiological and psychological parameters which were essentially required to assess the actual competence and strength of athletes. To develop athletes who can match with the athletes of international repute required healthy body, mind and soul. The physical and mental strength of each athlete differs from another. Every athlete differs on account of speed, endurance, heart rate vulnerability, energy metabolism, neuro-muscular potential etc. Hence, providing same intervention to each athlete would not solve the purpose.. There was an emergent need to prepare a strong database on individual athletes and keep check on his/her performance regularly. In recent sporting scenario it was observed that only infra- structure, equipment and training will not give desired results, something extra will have to be done to excel in sports. The growing demand of ICT could improve the athlete's performance, promotes a high potential for growth and development of future applications of add value to the sport. The main objective is to offer an extension of the services of sports analysis systems for learning, monitoring and improving the practice of individual and collective sports.

B. Strategic Approach

 2. What was the solution?
Who proposed the solution? The initiative was proposed by Dr. Shailendra Srivastava, Director, Sports & Youth Welfare Madhya Pradesh. He was quite concerned with the performance of athletes in sports in the state. It was observed that despite world class infrastructure, equipment and training performance of the athletes was not satisfactory. The medal tally was almost stagnant and incidence of sports injury was very high resulting in absence of athletes from regular training. Training was based on manually measured physical parameters only. These problems were having negative impact on athlete's motivation and self-esteem. The initiative The initiative is about innovative use of ICT tools for excellence in sports. The initiative has two components 1. Innovative ICT Tools and 2. Sports MIS. While the ICT Tools have been used to diagnose and improve athlete's performance, The Sports MIS was developed for digitizing records of individual athlete and design individual athlete specific coaching modules. Sports MIS also provides space for limited public interaction in the form of providing common man details of departmental schemes and incentives and satisfying their queries through help line either through web or through telephone. How did the initiative solve the problem? The initiative has been effectively implemented and made operational through innovative ICT Tools. These tools have enabled the Directorate to assess the physical, physiological and psychological strength of individual athlete and based on the individual athlete’s assessments, specific interventions have been provided. This has resulted in increasing the athlete’s physical and mental strengths and reduction in sports injuries which in turn resulted in enhanced performance in the state, national and international level tournaments. The inclusion of soft-wares like Omega Wave (measures physical, psychological & physiological parameters), Quick Board (improves reflexes), Myo Test ( provides pre-programmed tests to monitor and compare training progress), Dart Fish (measures bio-mechanical parameters), Balance Board (improves neuromuscular coordination) and Visual coaching (strengthens individual or group of muscles) has helped rise of women athletes' par to international competitive environment. The Sports MIS provides digitized database on every individual athlete and academy. It also provides details of activities and incentives to general public and satisfies online or telephonic queries fired by internal or external users. Target Audience The initiative was focused on increasing participation of youth in sports. The target audience is the community in general and youth in particular. Objectives of the initiative The objectives of the initiative were:- • To excel in sports through innovative use of ICT • To assess physical, physiological and psychological strengths of athletes. • To get accurate information on athlete’s performance and improve it by scientifically designed athlete specific coaching modules. • To disseminate information on use of ICT. • To reduce instances of injuries caused due unscientific training. • To develop Sports MIS • To select potential athletes for the squad. • To assess the status of fatigue and over training. Description of strategies A detailed discussion with the senior staff of the Directorate was done to understand the requirements of contemporary sporting environment. A core committee including Olympians, Arjuna Awardee, and international players has also been formed to provide inputs on the use of information and communication technology in sports. The strategy for selection of proper ICT was as follows:- • Formation of core committee including senior officers, Olympians, Arjuna awardee and international players to review strengths and weakness of existing system. • Exposure of other countries and sports institutions to see and analyze impact of various ICT tools. • Selection of such software which support the staff to carry out their activities efficiently. • Selection of various customized software tools to diagnose athlete's readiness for training activities and improve performance.

 3. How did the initiative solve the problem and improve people’s lives?
Directorate of Sports and Youth Welfare is the only center in the country and one among very few in the world to use these innovative tools to assess physical, physiological and psychological behavior and strength of athletes. Following are the area where the initiative is innovative:- A. ICT Tools: 1. Omega wave: Measurement of physical, physiological and psychological parameters of individual athlete to collect information on stress, fatigue and recovery status. 2. Visual Coaching Pro: For strengthening individual or group of target muscles 3. Quick Board: Improves reflexes 4. Myotest: Provides a range of simple pre-program tests to monitor and/or compare training progress 5. Dartfish: Measures bio-mechanical parameters. 6. Balance Board : Improves neuro-muscular coordination. These tools are compatible with cloud technology and help in selection of playing squads. Sports Directorate is using these tools in talent search and customizing training modules. B. Sports MIS: Sports MIS provides digitized records for individual athletes and academies. MIS is accessible through android cell phones also. The Sports MIS has two core areas for the users 1) Public Area : Provides Help Line , Schemes and Activities and IVR 2) Internal Users Area : Here Secured Data is available for internal use only.

C. Execution and Implementation

 4. In which ways is the initiative creative and innovative?
Elements of Action Plan and main activities Knowledge access and awareness generation In order to implement the strategy, proper deliberations and series of discussions were held with the core team to understand the athlete and game specific requirements. Study was conducted on ICT tools being used in sports. Exposure visits of other countries and sports institutions were organized to understand the methods used by them for assessments of individual athlete's capabilities and potential. Need assessments Assessment on need of athletes and the Department for proper and systematic planning was carried out. Development and access of software Make efforts to access proper software. Identification of suitable firms and or companies involved in the development of such software. Campaigning The focus shall be on mass campaigning for changing the mindset of the community and making them aware of latest technologies used in sports for the safety, development and advancement of their children in sports. Sensitization programs for the community at the grassroots would be among key issues for changing attitude. ICT enabled Sports academies Proper facilities, amenities for the use of latest software are in sports academies. Induction of trained staff and coaches were required. Trainings Training need analysis was performed to impart training on software tools to coaches, district sports officers and coordinators. Talent Hunt through ICT tools Full use of ICT tools would be made during talent search to identify more and more potential athletes from far and remote areas. Summer camps Full use of ICT tools would be made during summer vacation sports camps to identify more and more potential athletes from schools and colleges. Use of latest technologies Use of software like Omega wave, Myo test, Quick board, Visual Coaching Pro, Dart Fish etc for measuring physical, physiological and psychological potential of athletes and preparing training modules accordingly. The customized coaching modules would be prepared based on athlete's readiness for training. Development of Sports MIS Sports MIS would be prepared. This will have two core areas 1.Pucommon men. 2. Internal Area for official use. Records of individual athletes and academies would be digitized. MIS would be user friendly and menu driven. It would provide general schemes, incentives and help line to the common men. Internal area will provide records of various athletes to their coaches for planning athlete specific training modules. Key Developments, steps and chronology • A detailed discussion was organized during September 2011 for the need assessment of use of ICT tools. • Exposure visits of senior officers have been undertaken to study the systems and processes prevalent in other parts of the country. • A core committee was constituted for need assessment of athletes and finalizing the best software for the performance improvements. • Finalization of software and its procurement process. • Procurement of software and its installation. • Module preparation. • Training of all the staff on software’s application, its process and functionality. • Feeding of base data for further analysis and support and comparison with performance. • Preparation of detailed plan and its implementation for identification and selection of potential athletes for further coaching. • Initial testing of athletes on physical, physiological and psychological parameters. • Regular checking on above parameters and identification of suitable diet plan and interventions for individual athletes. • Testing of fatigue and injuries. • Design and implementation of Sports MIS • Up-gradation of tools to mobile and cloud technology

 5. Who implemented the initiative and what is the size of the population affected by this initiative?
Government of Madhya Pradesh Full support on designing and financing the initiative. Provided budget for the procurement of essential software and technical & infrastructural support. Mr. Shailendra Srivastava Director, and team, Sports & Youth Welfare Directorate Conceptualization. Formation of core committee for finalizing information and communication technology tools. Procurement of ICT tools. Induction of technical experts. Effective IEC campaigning for awareness generation among the public and athletes. Involving opinion makers, institutions and coaches of national/international repute for rigorous trainings. Online tracking of each athlete to ensure effective monitoring of the interventions. Regular visits to academies and sports performance Lab for random checks on functioning of software and its. Providing technical support. Training needs assessment, planning and its implementation. Mr. Vikas Kharadkar Coaching Coordinator and District Sports Officer Providing training to coaches. Analyzing physical, physiological and psychological indices of athletes. Designing specific interventions. Coaches and eminent sportsperson Training athletes through information and communication technological tools. Dr Jince Thomas Mathew Incharge Sports Medicine and Sports Performance Lab Medical examination through ICT tools. Testing on cardiac system, energy metabolism, neuro-muscular system, central nervous system, heart rate variability, differential ECG, endocrine system etc. Identification of the causes of injuries and fatigue and providing solutions accordingly Mr Lokendra Singh Tomar Asstt. Physiotherapist Assisting In-charge Sports Medicine and Sports Performance Lab. P.S. Bundela Academy Administrator and District Sports Officer Assessing the physical and mental strengths & weaknesses through ICT tools, finalizing individual diet plans with the help of nutritionist for men and women athletes.
 6. How was the strategy implemented and what resources were mobilized?
Use of ICT tools was initiated especially to improve the performance of athletes and bringing their skills, confidence and competence at par with the international standards. The initiative has been taken by the Department on priority and involves financial, technical and human resources. The following resources were used:- a. Financial Resources The initiative was financially supported by the state government. The budget allocation was made one time for the procurement of software. Then every year a nominal expenditure is being incurred as recurring expenses of the initiative. The state government as part of its endeavor of welfare of citizens of the state is committed to contribute to the initiative. b. Human Resources The initiative required substantial number of technical experts in the form of coaches, training experts and minimum staff for technical assistance and administrative purposes. A series of trainings were provided to staff at all levels for their capacity building on the use of various information and communication technology tools. The intricacies of the tools were also discussed and shared during the training to enhance the skills of staff to handle the tools with ease. Regular workshops and meetings were also conducted to monitor the functionality of software and athlete’s performance indices. c. Technical Resources Use of technology in recent sporting environment was the need of hour. In order to increase the efficiency of athletes and developing their competencies to the international standards would result in development and use of unique and innovative software to assess their efficiency in terms of physical, physiological and psychological parameters. ICT tools are critical in assessing the performance of athletes. The inclusion of software like Omega Wave (measures physical, psychological & physiological parameters), Quick Board (improves reflexes), Myo Test (provides pre-programed tests to monitor and compare training progress), Dart Fish (Measures biomechanical parameters) and Visual coaching (strengthens target muscles) has helped rise in performance of athletes par with international competitive environment. The technical resources used for performance enhancement and its details are as follows:- Softwares Omegawave : Measurement of physical, physiological and psychological parameters of individual athlete to collect information on stress, fatigue and recovery status. The parameters like heart rate vulnerability, cardiac system, endocrine system etc are efficiently measured with accuracy. Visual Coaching Pro : Provides 65000 built in exercises in the form of simple videos and pdf documents to strengthening individual or group of target muscles. Quick Board : Improves reflexes and increases patience Myo Test : Provides a range of simple pre-program tests to monitor and / or compare training progress for specific sports. Dart Fish : Measures bio-mechanical parameters. BMI calculator : Calculation of body mass index for appropriate steps Balance Board: Improves neuro muscular coordination 2. Technical Experts : Providing timely technical assistance 3. Computer, peripherals and other technical tools : To facilitate operationalization of software 4. Sports MIS : The Sports MIS has two core areas for the users 1) Public Area : Provides Help Line , Schemes and Activities. Helpline mechanism is provided in the MIS in public area. This is a ticketing system by which the user can create a ticket, this ticket is a type of unique number where system sends e-mail to the concerned user. The user is also able to check the status of the ticket / id generated by the system. The Admin monitors the tickets and sends solutions/reply. 2) Internal Users Area : Here Secured Data is available after login. 1.Master’s Area : To monitor, edit and delete 2.User Area : To add data and manage contents.

 7. Who were the stakeholders involved in the design of the initiative and in its implementation?
The use of information and communication technology tools has not only increased the efficiency of sports persons but also has helped in improving the efficiency of the whole system. The skills of staff who were involved in the process have been improved. The performance of athletes also has been improved considerably. ICT tools identify specific needs of the athletes and suggest solutions to overcome those and fill the gaps. Following are the five most successful outputs:- Improvement in delivery time and accuracy of services • Use of updated information technology has enabled the system in identifying the physical, physiological and psychological parameters and provides the system finalizing the intervention to improve physical and mental fitness of sportspersons in time. • Maintaining a strong data base on feedbacks and providing timely help in expediting special cases. • All the parameters are measured by the system in less than 30 minutes as compared to many hours taken in manual measurements. • ICT tools help in tracking the athletes on various parameters with hundred percent accuracy and leave no chance for errors due to manual calculations. Performance tracking • The use of software has helped in assessing the performance of athletes on various indicators like speed, endurance, agility, cardiac system, neuromuscular system, central nervous system, heart rate vulnerability, body mass index etc. This has led in improving skills of each athlete at par with the international standards. • Timely tracking of athlete’s information on physical and mental strengths through computerized management information system. Technologically improved Sports Academies The initiative has resulted in establishing technology friendly sports academies. All the sports academies are now fully equipped with latest software and tools. The sports academies are also equipped with trained coaches who can run the software and efficiently analyze the results. Development of unique software Following uniquely designed ICT tools have helped in achieving desired goal of increased participation in national and international sporting environment:- 1. Omega wave: Measurement of physical, physiological and psychological parameters of individual athlete to collect information on stress, fatigue and recovery status. 2. Visual Coaching Pro: Strengthens target muscles 3. Quick Board improves reflexes 4. Myotest: Provides a range of simple pre-program tests to monitor and compare training progress 5. Dartfish: Measures bio-mechanical parameters. Improved performance • The performance of individual athletes has been improved. • The athletes are winning medals in national and international level tournaments.

 8. What were the most successful outputs and why was the initiative effective?
The initiative has been closely monitored by the Directorate. Regular meetings, workshops and frequent visits planned to monitor interventions provided through the initiative. Detailed Management Information System developed to keep vigil on the systematic progress of the initiative. Detailed individual chart prepared on each athlete for assessing physical, physiological and psychological behavior. These individual assessments give an opportunity to design athlete specific strategy. Monitoring of the initiative is done as follows:- Computerized Management Information System Sports MIS is now in place. Individual athlete's base line records and overall performance of sports academies have been digitized. A help desk and IVR system has been developed for public access. Details of schemes and incentives are placed in public domain for easy access. Sports MIS is implemented through 180 block level communication centers and 50 districts and is globally available on web. The source code is owned by the Directorate. ICT tools are upgraded to cloud technology and MIS is now also accessed through android cell technology. Monthly Meeting Monthly meetings of all stake holders have been organized to track physical targets. Meeting includes brief presentation on physical and financial targets for the districts and achievements followed by discussions on the performance to assess the causes of success and or under achievements. Regular Visits Regular visits to sports academies have been made to assess the performance of each academy. Meeting with athletes during the field visits is done to understand their need for improvements. Feedback Management A feedback format is prepared for feedbacks from each athletes and coach. Feedback form filled by them anonymously and submitted for improvements. Athletes and coaches are free to give suggestions for upgrading and improving sporting standards. Athlete data base A data base prepared to check performance of athletes on physical, physiological and psychological competence. This data base is regularly updated to provide support as and when needed. The athletes are provided various inputs and guided on the basis of their performance through ICT. Diet Monitoring Diet of each athlete been monitored through specific diet chart. A nutritionist is responsible for preparing weekly diet chart for athletes. Diet chart is prepared on the basis of each athlete requirements on energy availability, bone health and biological health.

 9. What were the main obstacles encountered and how were they overcome?
The initiative has made an impact on the involvement and performance of athletes. Even the families who traditionally were opposed to sending their children to sports academies also showed changed mindset because of enhanced performance of athletes. Effective campaign has helped in communicating the message on impact of ICT tools in delivering best results by winning medals and participation in national and international tournaments. Winning medals is associated with prize money, awards and employments for the youths through sports. This has resulted in considerable increase in the participation of youths in sports. Main obstacles encountered were as follows:- Problems encountered a. Resistance to change The staff functioning under the Directorate was unwilling to adopt latest technological tools due to lack of knowledge and resistance to change. It was tough to motivate and train them into new and improved condition. Even the athletes were not ready to use these tools due to psychological reasons. b. Non availability of trained experts and coaches The non-availability of trained experts and coaches for use of selected software was also one of the major problems. ICT tools were imported from other countries and it was difficult to get technical assistance within the country in case if required. These obstacles were overcome by adopting the following measures:- a. Focused training Series of trainings have been organised for staff to make them capable of handling the software. They also have been sensitised about the use of software would help in reducing the work pressure because of manual, time taking, redundant and lengthy process. b. Developing a pool of experts and coaches A pool of experts has been developed in situ to provide technical assistance. These experts were trained by the software provider company directly. The coaches were also trained for operating the software and generating reports.

D. Impact and Sustainability

 10. What were the key benefits resulting from this initiative?
The use of ICT tools in sports has changed the nature of management practices in sport through analyzing a player's movements, keeping statistics, providing schedules for a particular game such as the game dates and locations. Information and communication technology tools are used to assess sport injuries, plan training module and reduce rehabilitation time. The use of software has shown remarkable results by athletes in state, national and international level tournaments. The participatory techniques used to implement the initiative have improved the delivery time of services. The technique has also given an opportunity to the management to provide timely interventions. The use of software has improved the entire systems and processes of the sports Directorate. It also has increased the participation of each stakeholder. The success of the initiative also has contributed by creating a positive environment in the society. The teachers in schools and colleges are now motivating the students for taking interest in sports. They are also sensitizing children about the economic benefits accrued through sports in the form of handsome prize money, awards and assured employment opportunities to outstanding players. The athletes who have won medals in important completions are now getting employment opportunities in various government and private organizations and institutions. These athletes are now contributing to their family income. They have started receiving recognition within their family. Their status in the society has improved and their contribution in sports is appreciated. The parents of other athletes are now willingly promoting and motivating their children to take sports as their career option. It has been observed that the athlete who have performed seemingly well in sports are motivating other athletes in their village. The benefits of the initiative are as follows:- Improvement in delivery time of services • Use of updated information technology has enabled the system in identifying the physical, physiological and psychological parameters and provides the system finalizing the intervention to improve physical and mental fitness of sportspersons in time. • The time consumed earlier in manual analysis has reduced remarkably. The accurate analysis is now done quickly. • Maintaining a strong data base on feedbacks and providing timely help in expediting special cases. • Timely tracking of athlete’s information on physical and mental strengths through Sports MIS. • Use of software enabled the system in tracking the athletes on various parameters with hundred percent accuracy and leaves no chance for errors caused due to manual calculations. Simplified procedures • The process of analyzing the parameters and providing specific interventions becomes easy. • The use of software has given the governance to fasten the decision making process, issuing timely guidance for implementation to functionaries and issuing specific orders as per the requirements of the sports academies. • Concurrent observation on athletes with regular trainings. • Instant decisions have helped in expediting participation in various competitions with sportsman spirit and winning zeal. Improvement in measurable indicators • Simplified procedures to measure various parameters and quick measurement results help in implementing training regulations to minimize injuries due to over training or over fatigue. • Data is available to athletes and coaches through MIS. • The medal tally in international level tournaments has increased by more than 90 percent. It has reached to 42 in 2012-13 as against the 23 medals in 2010-11 by the sportspersons of academies. • The medal tally in national level tournaments has been increased by twenty percent. It has reached to 119 in 2012-13 as against the 98 medals in 2010-11 by the sportspersons of academies. • The total medal tally in international, national and state level tournaments has increased by more than 80 percent. It has reached to 650 in 2012-13 as against the 375 medals in 2010-11 by the sportspersons of academies. • There is a remarkable increase in number of athletes tested in new system. More than 20000 athletes have been tested in last two years as against only 2000 athletes in preceding 5 years. The cost per test is also substantially less in new system. Whereas more than Rs.7000 per athlete are required in old system, in new system at present cost per athlete comes to around Rs. 200 only which will further reduce with more number of athletes tested.

 11. Did the initiative improve integrity and/or accountability in public service? (If applicable)
The initiative has created a revolution towards changing the mindset of the athletes for sports as an option for economic empowerment and employment and building a positive environment favoring the athletes especially from the rural areas. The initiative is sustainable since the source code is with the Directorate. The initiative has been successfully tested by international hockey teams in World Series Hockey matches and many star players of the country including Olympians. The system used by the Directorate is technically sound and best in its category. The system is scalable and can be easily upgraded to new technological interventions and easy to operate. Optimum uses of Omega wave, the only software in its kind to assess physical, psychological and physiological parameters of sportspersons. Use of Myo Test and Quick Board software have helped understand the readiness of women athletes and Dart Fish, visual coaching pro and Balance Board have been used to improve their sporting skills. Financial sustainability The scheme is financially sustainable as it is supported by the state government as part of its mandate of welfare of citizen of the state. The state government is regularly making sufficient provisions in its state budget. The financial provision in the scheme was done to meet recurring and non-recurring expenses. Recently the government has included sports medicine and rehabilitation in its vision 2018 document. Social Sustainability The scheme has been able to set a milestone in changing the mindset of the public. The families and the society now understand the need and importance of their children in the overall well being of the society. They also came to know that the sports can also be taken as part of their professional career and may generate employment opportunities for their children. This would support their family income. The scheme has been able to create awareness for the sports among the youths and their recognition as invaluable asset within the society. Economic Sustainability The scheme provides employment opportunities to athletes who perform extraordinarily in national and international sporting scenario. The athletes who participated in national and international tournaments and won medals are now employed and contributing to their family income. Replicability The scheme has made full use of latest technology in development of athlete and matching their talent at par with athletes of international repute. The results achieved by the initiative have been acknowledged by many other states. The system has already been replicated successfully in 17 sports academies. Its adaptability to mobile and cloud technology makes it the best and suits to any condition.

 12. Were special measures put in place to ensure that the initiative benefits women and girls and improves the situation of the poorest and most vulnerable? (If applicable)
The initiative has led to remarkable outcomes in terms of increasing the medal tally, self-esteem and confidence of athletes and providing prize money, awards and employment opportunities to them. It has been observed that effective campaign has created an enabling environment for athletes to come up and participate in sports. The success of the initiative was due to the use of innovative ICT tools and MIS. Following lessons have been learned during the course of implementation: - • Any activity would be successful and will sustain, if systematic approach is adopted and implemented in a phased manner. • The participatory approaches will lead to successful implementation. It allows the management to get feedbacks from the end user and to make modifications in the scheme as and when required to further improving the initiative. • Systematic training and exposures to athletes will help in improving the confidence and inculcating winning spirit among them. • Involvement of techno-savvy coaches would enhance confidence among the women athletes resulting in achieving remarkable results. • Use of visual coaching tools could be useful to develop and improve individual or group of muscles. Demonstration of exercises and its replication would be the key for excellence. • Extending outreach of sports institutions to provide easy access to athletes will connect with more athletes. • Use of ICT tools will increase the efficiency of the system. • Understanding the physical, physiological and psychological behavior of athlete becomes easy. • The ICT tools are changing the results drastically. • Sports injury and rehabilitation: In old system common training module were used for all athletes of a particular game. When the athletes failed to give desired results they worked more and more in track and fields but this over training was counter-productive as it resulted in major sports injuries. These major injuries put athletes off the track and field for pretty long time leading to depression and demoralization. ICT tools help in designing customized training modules on the basis of training readiness of individual athlete. Customized training modules reduce the chances of over training and fatigue leading to minimal injuries and quick rehabilitation. • Accuracy: In old manual system there were very high chances of errors, mainly because of human and mechanical errors. As a result the repeated results on the same athlete varied largely. However, in ICT based system the accuracy of measurements is very high and repeated tests give almost same results because of no or very minimal human intervention. • Time: Manual measurements are very time consuming and are completed in many sessions. The ICT based measurements are completed in about 30 minutes. • Cost: in old system costs of various tests were quite high. On an average about Rs 7000 were spent per athlete. But in ICT based measurements there is only one time investment and then very little recurring expenditure. The cost of tests will reduce with increased number of athletes tested. At present cost per athlete is about Rs 250 only which will further come down when more athletes are tested.

Contact Information

Institution Name:   Directorate Sports and Youth Welfare
Institution Type:   Government Agency  
Contact Person:   Shailendra Srivastava
Title:   Dr.  
Telephone/ Fax:   919425008490
Institution's / Project's Website:  
E-mail:   shail23@in.com  
Address:   T T Nagar Stadium
Postal Code:   462003
City:   BHOPAL
State/Province:   M.P.

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