| 4. In which ways is the initiative creative and innovative?
The project will not be succesful unless all the partners involved in. Therefore Meetings were made with Non-Governmental Organizations, Turkish Agricultural Credit Cooperatives (TACC), Agricultural Chambers, Consumer Associations, Market Chains, Fruit Juice Producers, Universities, and Farmers Associations. This integration had been made.
Project area had determined. 16 provinces were selected for their high rate of fruit and vegetable production, as well as greenhouse establishments.
Programs have been made with government technical staffs in project studying provinces, counties, and farmers’ base.
Introduction Meetings were organised in villages with the participitation of Project Coordinator, Represantatives from the General Directorate and project teams consisting of technical staff of provinces, as well as Research Institutes.
Participitation of majority of producers into the project was provided in the villages for easy marketibility of the products.
Technical staff of Provincial Directorates involved in the project and Agricultural Engineers of project partners were designated as project personal and Project Support Office (consulting office) was created.
Blue Flags were hung in project implemetation sites to attract the attention of other growers.
Trainings were conducted teoritically and practically based on the plant phenology and the biologies of pests and diseases.
Farmer Field Schools (FFSs) were established in the villages and growers’ trainings were conducted practically in these schools. Farmer families IPM contests were organized in project provinces and winners of the provinces attended final contest and so winner of provinces was identified.
Meetings were organised with private sector and Non-Government Organsations (NGO) represantatives and technicians (Technical Days) , Field days were organised and so project activities and outputs were explained.
Residue analyses were made 3-5 days before harvest in project sites. Residue free crops were certified and given logos.
Provincial and county coordinators have examined the activities regularly, inspection and monitoring activities were done and monthly activity reports are arranged.
Project activities are observed regularly in the provinces, counties and villages by coordinator and check the problems solved.
Questionnaires were made with technical staff and growers at the beginning and at the end of trainings and contributions of the project and needs were identified.
Dissemination of project activities and to create demand for ICCM crops, project was introduced to consumer and public and project activities took place in the written and visual media.
Project activities were evaluated in annual meetings and new work plan was prepared.
| 5. Who implemented the initiative and what is the size of the population affected by this initiative?
This Project has been implemented with the cooperation and calloboration of MFAL and Turkish ACC and Agricultural Chambers in the counties.
The project was supported by United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation for 2012-2013.
Research Institutes, Universities, Trade exchanges, Exporters' Associations, Manufacturers of plant protection products, Unions of Agricultural Chambers, Consumer Associations, Markets, Paste, fruit juice etc. manufacturers, Federations, Associations, Unions, Non-Governmental Organizations are other stakeholders of the project.
| 6. How was the strategy implemented and what resources were mobilized?
Agricultural engineers of MFAL and project stakeholders were involved in the project.
Trainings were realised by experts from the Research Institutes and Universities.
Project expenditure was budgeted by the Ministry of Agriculture and FAO.
MFAL through the Plant Protection service, was the Government counterpart institution responsible for the implementation of project activities.
The Government :
• designated the national project coordinator whose salary was covered by the Government;
• designated technicians to participate in the workshops.
• nominated participants for study tour selected according to the FAO procedures;
• assisted in the identification of national consultants;
• covered the cost of the procurement and preparation of educational material, of sampling and analysis of residues in food and quality control of pesticides products used by the farmers network identified in this project (paid by GDFC) as well as other logistic inputs.
• paid for the daily allowances of the government technical staff involved in the trainings.
• provided facilities as offices, meeting rooms, communication and transportation services, and to give access to the available practical and technical information on matters related to crop management and plant protection, as requested and needed by project staff.
• One international expert in ICM in greenhouse vegetables and fruit orchards for 20 days in two missions,
• One international expert in ICM in grapes for 20 days in two missions,
• One international expert, specialist in IPM and participatory training, and for project formulation for nine weeks in three missions,
• One international expert, specialist on pesticide residues for 20 days in two missions,
• National training coordinator for training activities on ICM and IPM for 8 months,
• National expert on legal matters for revision of phytosanitary legislation for two months
• From time to time financial support was made for the project activities of the project partners.
| 7. Who were the stakeholders involved in the design of the initiative and in its implementation?
Output 1. Capacities developed on IPM and ICM in pilot areas of vegetables, fruits orchards and grapes of the country.
Four ToT trainings on greenhouse vegetable production, one ToT training on open field vegetable training, four trainings on grape production and three on fruit production were carried out at different phenological stages of the crops.
Benefits from these trainings were evaluated by tests applied at the beginning and at the end of each training.
Trained technical staff (agricultural engineers) were given IPM trainer certificates.
Theoretical applied training were given to growers in FFSs by technical staff.
Output 2. Farmer families IPM contests were organized in project provinces and winners of the provinces attended final contest and so winner of provinces was identified.
Greenhouse tomato and pepper growers videly used biological agents and yellow and blue visual traps for the control of the pests.
Use of mating distruption technic in grapes has expanded.
Output 3. Pesticide usage is under strict control of the Ministry and pesticide reidues in crops decreased.
Detailed information was given to the growers about safe use of pesticides. Growers were trained that chemical control is the last method to be applied in IPM programmes.
Residue analyses were made just before harvest in project sites. Residue free crops (under Codex value) were certified and given logos.
MFAL started a country-wide pesticide residue control programme on all crops before harvest.
Output 4. Dissemination of achievements of the capacity development program on ICM and IPM published by different sources (radio, TV, press) in the country.
10.000 leaflets on ICM and IPM were prepared, published and delivered.
100.000 booklets describing the main principles of ICM and IPM were prepared and delivered.
Meetings on ICM and IPM with the Producer association and NGOs were organised.
50.000 leafets on safe use of pesticides and 10.000 CD were prepared.
15.000 leaflet were prepared on the collection and utilization of empty pesticide containers.
Articles and news on project activities and achivements on IPM and ICM were given in the websites of Provincial Directorates.
1.000 books on Biological control and 1.000 books on Biotechnic control were published and delivered.
Book on Tomato, Pepper, Cucumber, Eggplant cultivation and IPM (in press)
Book on Cherry, Peach, Apricot cultivation and IPM (in press )
Book on Grape cultivation and IPM (in press)
600 CD were prepared on ToT programmes ( on courses in ToT programmes)
Output 5. The existing legislation and certification system updated according to the regulations of EU on this matter.
Veterinary services, plant health, food and feed law No. 5996.was revised and put into use.
IPM directive was updated. An IPM project for 5 years was prepared.
2023 IPM objectives were established.
| 8. What were the most successful outputs and why was the initiative effective?
Project activities were weekly monitored and controlled by the provincial and county coordinators.
A baseline questionnaire was applied to the growers and their present status and training needs were identified.
Benefits from these trainings were evaluated by quiz applied at the beginning and at the end of each training.
Qustionnaires were applied at the end of each training programme to evaluate the contributions and performanse of project coordinator, experts from the research institutes and universities, national and international consultants.
Monthly project activity reports were prepared by the provincial directorates and sent to project coordinator.
Monthly project activity reports were submitted to Project Steering Committee. Problems that were encountered during the implementation of the project were solved by project coordinator with the guidance of high council.
Project activities in the villages, counties and provinces were observed by the project coordinator. Project coordinator organised meetings with technical staff and growers to identify the needs and to ovecome the problems.
Expansion of project implementation and creation of demand for ICCM (EKÜY) products the project was introduced to consumers and public, and project activities took place in the written and visual media.
Biological Control Symposium and Biotechnological Control symposium were held on in 2012 and 2013 respectively. Meetings were made with private sector for the mass production and release of biological control agents, pheromons and traps.
The First Plant Protection Products and Machines Congress was organised, present status has been evaluated, studies carried out have been disscussed, and needs were identified.
Project activities were evaluated in the annual meeting and new work plan was prepared.
Project activities were evaluated and a five year of work plan and 2023 IPM objectives were established.
| 9. What were the main obstacles encountered and how were they overcome?
Bad experiences in the IPM projects carried out in the past were existed as the most important obstacle for the acceptance and application of ICCM project.
Project activities were described to administrators in the Ministry, partners of the project, Non-Governmental Organisations, representatives of markets, food manufacturers, associations, unions etc. They were convinced that residue problems can be solved by this project and later.
Suspicious in the staff of provincial directorates were removed in the meetings, technical staff were motivated, Their capacities and experiences were developped by ToT trainings.
Superior efforts of the project coordinator has been very effective for the acceptance of the project and obtaining positive outputs.
Farmer Field SChools were established in the villages and growers were given applied training.
Blue flag application, Residue analysis just before harvest in project sites, certifying of residue free crops (under Codex value) and giving logos facilitated the marketing of crops. Therefore, the project has been adopted by the growers and project activities were expanded
Meetings were held on with exporter unions and traders and project activities were introduced. So that marketibility of the products increased.