Taman Pintar Yogyakarta (Indonesia), An Effort To Educate The Rising Generation by Providing Support
Taman Pintar Yogyakarta

A. Problem Analysis

 1. What was the problem before the implementation of the initiative?
Yogyakarta, a city with a rich cultural heritage and is endowed Java diversity of natural tourist sites with a high degree of heterogeneity of society, so often dubbed the mini Indonesia, has a relatively high enrollment rates reaching 96.77 percent for elementary school age, 83, 49 to the age of Secondary Schools and 53.48 for high school age (Central Bureau of Statistics Indonesia 2004) (http://www.bps.go.id/tab_sub/view.php/excel.php?id_subyek=28 % 20 & notab = 1). But of that number, found the fact that the level of underdevelopment in the classroom among students in the city of Yogyakarta is quite high. Lack of learning in and outside of school that is able to assist the process of acceptance of learning materials for children, in the midst of a school curriculum that requires children in Indonesia studying so many subjects at the same time, making the process of knowledge transfer stalled. This is certainly a concern, where the city of Yogyakarta in Indonesia is quite large and has a predicate Education City because many national education leaders emerging from this area, it has a state that is not much different from other regions in Indonesia. Therefore, the provision of adequate teaching aids and to encourage a child's success in understanding the lesson he received at school, became an urgency.

B. Strategic Approach

 2. What was the solution?
Yogyakarta City Government, took the initiative to build a science center (learning center of science and technology), which is located right in the heart of Yogyakarta, making it easily accessible even by public transport though. Proximity layout with various other leading tourist attraction in the city of Yogyakarta also be added value for tourists (Sultan Palace, the Great House, Vredeburg, Cultural Park, square and shopping area Malioboro). Yogyakarta City Government started building Taman Pintar in 2004 and began to open the Taman Pintar to the public in 2006. Starting from the idea to improve the quality of educational facilities for the community and especially the students, since the beginning of the Taman Pintar already has a great commitment to bring science learning system and technology in ways that are fun and interactive. Through the vision as a vehicle for expression, appreciation and creation science, Taman Pintar has a goal to develop a child's interest in science, through imagination, experiments and games in order to develop a quality resource Indonesia. Motto learning "Educating and Fun" consistently adheres to all existing props and be an important criterion for the development of each vehicle. Ki Hajar Dewantara philosophy, one of the Indonesian national education leaders, namely niteni - Niroake - nambahi (Javanese phrase meaning: Noting - Imitate - Develop) is also implemented as a learning method adopted by Park Smart. As a public service agency, Park Smart has a primary target market is among students aged 6-18 years. To provide the most appropriate learning theme for children in this age range, the Taman Pintar in collaboration with the Department of Education and the private sector in the implementation of the props and the making of the program of activities in accordance with the school curriculum, but it is presented in an interesting and interactive.

 3. How did the initiative solve the problem and improve people’s lives?
Novelty factor remains a very important thing to be considered in displaying visual-display learning in Taman Pintar, because if not, it will be difficult to attract the attention and interest of children to be targeted. Therefore, the Taman Pintar combines elements of scientific and technological knowledge by example in the form of use of the LCD screen as well as special software to generate visual learning interesting and easy to understand children. The architecture and interior design of the building is designed in such a way to use bright colors that create the impression of cheerful for children. Even as a science center located in the City of Culture, Taman Pintar not only develop rides and content related to science and technology, as well as similar institutions that exist both in Indonesia and abroad. But also to develop a vehicle and content based on local knowledge (local wisdom), for example knowledge of Javanese culture, history and other royal-theme sebagainya.Tema are displayed in the Sultanate Ngayogyakarta Zone, Zone Gamelan, Puppet Zone, Zone Batik Keris Zone , as well as the organization of cultural content such as batik and pottery creations for visitors. The activity is designed so that in a relatively short time, it did not take a full day, children can learn how to make a batik and pottery creations with clay, using materials as well as through the actual stages, with low cost , just as the cost of replacement materials purchasing activities, making it affordable for the community. Learning a culture that has not been found in other science center, and then also add value to the Taman Pintar because by visiting the Taman Pintar, children can improve the knowledge and understanding of science and technology and foster a love for local culture.

C. Execution and Implementation

 4. In which ways is the initiative creative and innovative?
The development process begins as soon as the Taman Pintar lands successfully cleared from the various activities that were originally on the site in 2005. The Government of Yogyakarta City in talks with the Central Government and the Provincial Government for the success of this plan. Moreover, Taman Pintar is the first science center in Indonesia, which is managed by the City. Opening a public location to be gradual in accordance with development progress made to date, starting in 2006 until the end of 2008. Furthermore, the management of the Taman Pintar includes rides and content development and program planning activities in Taman Pintar performed continuously until today, until the Taman Pintar can always spark children's interest for more intensive study outside of school.

 5. Who implemented the initiative and what is the size of the population affected by this initiative?
The initiative was first coined by the City of Yogyakarta. Then in the early stages, the Mayor of Yogyakarta formed Development Team, which is tasked with leading the development of the Taman Pintar, also did fundraising efforts as well as communication with the sponsor, to the Taman Pintar is ready to open its services to the public. After the development process is complete, Taman Pintar is managed by the management, headed by the Head Office of Taman Pintar Management, oversees the Sub Division of Administration, Keprograman Development Section, Display and Equipment Section of Public Relations & Marketing Section. In each part / section has roles and duties, functions and expertise in these fields, mutual support, cooperate and coordinate to manage and develop employees in management Pintar. All team member of Taman Pintar is working as a predetermined position analysis as well as through a competency test in Gadjah Mada University, a leading educational institution in the city of Yogyakarta.
 6. How was the strategy implemented and what resources were mobilized?
Taman Pintar development funds, taken from the budget of the Central Government, Provincial Government and the City Government Level, for several years from 2005 until 2007. The total cost required is around 60 billion rupiahs. Since the beginning of the construction of the Taman Pintar, building development schemes, as well as the procurement of props charged to the agency in charge of building and assets in the area of the City Government of Yogyakarta, namely the Department of Building and Public Asset (DBGAD), while management fees charged to the Department of Education (at the time the institutional status of the Taman Pintar is still a service unit under the auspices of the Education Office of Yogyakarta). But since 2007, Park Smart perform various processes to improve the status of being a public service agency which has the authority greater with independent financing and then reached in 2010. In line with efforts toward financial independence, Taman Pintar to work with various parties who have a concern for the development of education in Indonesia, especially for the benefit of the exhibits’ procurement, development and renewal. While tool for financing activities of the cultural field skills such as batik and pottery creations, Parks implement smart ticketing system for visitors who are interested in participating in activities with the amount of tickets at very affordable rates.

 7. Who were the stakeholders involved in the design of the initiative and in its implementation?
In a way, since it was first opened to the public service today, Taman Pintar has become the benchmark learning tool for almost any school in the city of Yogyakarta. Reaching number one million visitors a year, many also come from areas outside of the city of Yogyakarta, especially school groups, Taman Pintar has managed to perform his duties as a strategic role in developing and motivating the public in general and students, and children in particular, to recognize, understand and develop the knowledge they learn in school, interactively, with modern packaging using the latest technology, yet remain within the corridor of a local native culture. The element of local knowledge has become one of the main concerns to be included in children's learning Indonesian because of the rapid advances in technology require young adulthood in react. The existence of Taman Pintar as a leading tourist destination in the city of Yogyakarta, a positive and significant influence and would provide a good impact for the community, businesses (especially the tourism sector) and also the economy and technology. In addition to moving the community's economy and meet the literacy needs of the community, especially among students, Taman Pintar multiplier effect for visitors who come either directly or indirectly. In general, the presence of the Taman Pintar as a center for science learning are well known on a national, or international (Taman Pintar are members of the Asia Pacific Network of Science and Technology Center (ASPAC) since 2008) and is one of the founders of the Association of Indonesian Science Center (ASCI), which was formed in 2013. Since its founding to the present, many government agencies from all parts of Indonesia who made study visits to the Taman Pintar to study and develop the kind of learning institutions in their respective regions. Privilege even in the Taman Pintar featuring the theme of learning about the culture and values of local wisdom, then included in the Articles of Association and Bylaws (AD / ART) ASCI at once set to be one of the mandatory criteria for other local governments in Indonesia who want to build educational facilities science center. It is expected, richness of cultural diversity and customs that spread across the Indonesian archipelago can keep perpetuated by Indonesian children on an ongoing basis.

 8. What were the most successful outputs and why was the initiative effective?
The process of monitoring and evaluation of the functioning of the entire display and the smooth implementation of activities in the Taman Pintar performed periodically to determine and means to handle problems that occur immediately. Each zone guarded by officers Taman Pintar guides work in the morning and afternoon shifts division to help children to understand the workings and scientific base of a visual as well as provide more information on the display at the request of the visitor. Guides escorting an activity program in charge of guiding children in work activities based on the stages that have been determined. The guides are the most vanguard officers quickly find out if there are problems in the field. The problem, impact, criticism and all obstacles that occur during their duty, shall be submitted to the Coordinating officer guides the evaluation session at the end of their duty hours. Input received and forwarded to management for discussion and Taman Pintar be resolved. These inputs who then also become factors that are considered to make corrections, updates, or replacement of a zone or a program of activities. Taman Pintar also opened various channels to accommodate the input of the feedback received from visitors and the wider community, in the form of suggestion boxes, Upik hotline managed by the City Government of Yogyakarta, as well as sms hotline. All of which is regularly reported to the top management to be discussed and acted upon. To determine the level of overall customer satisfaction with the services in the Taman Pintar, Public Satisfaction Index measurements were taken 2 times per year.

 9. What were the main obstacles encountered and how were they overcome?
Constraints at the beginning of the construction of the Taman Pintar, is the number of opposition that comes precisely from the communities surrounding the construction site. The location had been the traditional book market, public transport bases and controlled by these thugs, it is an area that is known for wild and unruly. But with a series of lengthy negotiation process and tough, the site can be cleaned and market books temporarily relocated to Yogyakarta City Government then build a plaza bookselling integrated and connected to the building Taman Pintar. While in its management, the constraints faced by management, especially in the development of both programs and partnerships and promotions are limited steps that can be done, it is given the Taman Pintar is a government agency that should be obedient and subject to applicable laws, making it slightly inhibits innovation and creativity to be applied. The effort made is always consultation, coordination and discussions with the relevant agencies, both in the local government area of Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta Provincial Government and the Central Government in terms of innovation implementation plan will be developed.

D. Impact and Sustainability

 10. What were the key benefits resulting from this initiative?
Taman Pintar development as facilities to support the learning process in the school curriculum is designed so that it can be interesting to learn in children, with comes with learning about the culture and values of local wisdom among other themes surrounding science and technology, obtained the achievement as follows: a) Qualified Public Service Taman Pintar has a function serving the community to develop an understanding of the science of science and technology, and support the improvement of the quality of education through a variety of learning and science and technology activities. As a public service agency, Taman Pintar is committed to providing an alternative means of learning at the same time as well as the tour-quality public services, the commitment and continuous effort in 2010 has managed to achieve and implement a quality management sisitem ISO 1900: 2008, as well as the award-winning Qualified Excellence Service National Level. b) The value of creativity, Strategic, Innovative and Unique As a science center (center of science and technology), Taman Pintar Yogyakarta is not only to develop rides and content related to science and technology, as well as similar institutions that exist both in Indonesia and abroad. But also to develop a vehicle and content based on local knowledge (local wisdom), which are unique at the same time have a good long-term impact for the formation of character cultured for Indonesian children. c) Provide Beneficial Effects for People, Actors Business, Economy, Technology. The existence of Taman Pintar as a leading tourist destination in the city of Yogyakarta, a positive and significant influence and would provide a good impact for the community, businesses (particularly tourism businesses) as well as economic and technological. In addition to be able to move the economy of the community and meet the literacy needs of the community, students and children, as well as providing opportunities for people in employment and the multiplier effect chance of visitors who come either directly or indirectly. d) Can be replicated On Science Center Learning Center or Similar This form of innovation that made the Taman Pintar can be replicated in other areas in Indonesia, given the importance of providing adequate learning support facilities for children, especially when the school where they have the facilities were minimal because of limited funds. e) Provide Broad Impact on National Scale In general, the presence of the Taman Pintar is already known on a national, or international (Taman Pintar Science Center are members of the Association of Indonesia (ASCI) since 2013 and the Asia Pacific Network of Science and Technology Center (ASPAC) since 2008). And since its establishment until now many government agencies from all parts of Indonesia are conducting a comparative study to the Taman Pintar to study and develop similar institutions with the development of the theme of learning in accordance with the values of local wisdom in their respective areas. Beside that, the visitors Taman Pintar is not only limited to the area of the island of Java, but also from areas throughout Indonesia, ranging from the individual / family or group of schools and colleges.

 11. Did the initiative improve integrity and/or accountability in public service? (If applicable)
Continuity aspects of the implementation of learning innovations that made the Taman Pintar can be seen from the following aspects: a) Legal Aspect The laws that ensure the sustainability of innovation and freedom Taman Pintar in developing the themes of learning are considered in accordance with the changing times and the need for quality character education for children in particular and society in general, as long as it is within the scope of the vision and mission held Taman Pintar. Substitution leadership Taman Pintar is not so influential on the development of policies for regulatory guidelines are clear and already built system for employees and work ethic Taman Pintar. b) Development Plan Taman Pintar development plan refers to the city of Yogyakarta RJPMD outlined in the Strategy and Business (RSB) and the Business Plan Budget (RBA). Taman Pintar is consistently enter budget allocations related content development in the planning of activities each year.

 12. Were special measures put in place to ensure that the initiative benefits women and girls and improves the situation of the poorest and most vulnerable? (If applicable)
This form of innovation that made the Taman Pintar can be replicated in all regions in Indonesia, given the importance of considering the importance of the provision of learning support facilities for children adequate and interactive, using technological advances in accordance with the changing times, but still in the corridors of culture and values wisdom locality where they came from. The key to this innovation is the ability to innovate in learning how to produce attractive as possible for the children in accordance with the ongoing technology trends, great willingness to save the diversity of cultures and customs that became the basis of the values of local wisdom, a partnership with the parties- competent person in the field, as well as the seriousness of the intention to apply the best paradigm for public services.

Contact Information

Institution Name:   Taman Pintar Yogyakarta
Institution Type:   Government Agency  
Contact Person:   Yunianto Dwi Sutono
Title:   Mr  
Telephone/ Fax:   62-274-583631, 583713
Institution's / Project's Website:  
E-mail:   info@tamanpintar.com  
Address:   Panembahan Senopati St. 1-3, Yogyakarta
Postal Code:   55122
City:   Yogyakarta
State/Province:   Special District of Yogyakarta
Country:  

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