Commissionerate of Agriculture
Commissionerate of Agriculture, Pune, Maharashtra , India

A. Problem Analysis

 1. What was the problem before the implementation of the initiative?
Grape is an important Horticulture crop grown in Maharashtra. Consistently Maharashtra ranked first in grape production and export too. Out of total export of grapes from India, Maharashtra contribute 98% share. It has emerged as export crop of Maharashtra State in European Union and other countries because of its quality and residue free production. During 1995 Agriculture sector was included under the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) regime and single window system was made introduced for export of Agriculture commodities incorporated however at a same time stringent powers are given to the all member countries under Sanitary and Phytosanitry Measures (SPS) on scientific ground. The EU is more are more cautious about health safety issues and implementing pesticide residues measures in imported grapes in the interest of public safety concern under SPS Agreement. In 2003-04 the EU rejected Indian grapes import on the ground of pesticide residue. The grape consignment from India resulted with major hurdle to grape producer and exporters from Maharashtra. Maharashtra State has taken a lead to safe guard the grape growers and special special initiatives was taken for the formation of the system of monitoring of pesticide residue issues under the guidance of Agriculture Processed Product Export Development Authority (APEDA) New Delhi, under Ministry of Commerce and Industries. Govt. of India through National Research Center for Grapes, Pune, Maharshtra Rajya Draksha Bagaytdar Sangh ( an organization established by the grape growers and exporters). Prior to execution of framed initiative on Pesticide residue was not monitored in holistic manner. For control of pest and diseases grapes growers were taking large numbers of spraying and they were not aware about post Harvest Interval (PHI), Label claim of pesticides and spraying techniques and judicious use of pesticides. Grape growers were facing the major problems of pesticides residues. At the same time farmers had a limited access for expert as they were either depend experts from Agriculture Universities as such they were dependent either on Agriculture Universities or private consultants.

B. Strategic Approach

 2. What was the solution?
To fulfill the SPS requirement of EU pertaining to pesticide residues in Exportable grapes , Maharashtra State has taken a lead for formulation of pesticide residue monitoring system in consultation with APEDA, National Research Center for Grapes and Maharshtra Rajya Draksh Bagayatdar Sangh. To decide long-term strategies for resolving the problem for giving assurance regarding export of residue free grapes to European Union , “Farm to Fork” total traceability system entitled “Residue Monitoring System for Export of Grapes to European Union ” (GRAPENET) was formulated and implemented from 2006-07. The Department of Horticulture become the key Nodal Agency for execution. APEDA and NRCG become the Technical Nodal Agency and all others become stakeholders for the project work . As such, it was the first of its kind multi-stakeholder project implemented in the country especially in field of Export of grapes to European Union. Following key strategies were decided to be implemented under the project. 1. To establish a system for controlling residue of chemicals in exportable fresh table grapes at the farm and plot level 2. To monitor chemicals residues in soil and water at grape farms or plots and pack house. 3. To facilitate export of fresh table grapes by establishing a surveillance system for controlling residue of chemicals. 4. To establish a system for corrective action in the event of detection of residue levels higher than those established through these system. 5. To ensure that grapes exported from India to the European Union. 6. To facilitate web-based traceability through GrapeNet with the objective of tracing and tracking of processes implemented product recall, 7. Single window clearance and reducing paper work Software was developed for on-line pesticide Residue Monitoring and Advisory System. Advisory capsules were developed to disseminate location specific residue advisories based on detection of residue MRL level. For Stakeholders 1. Registration of Grapes farms by State Horticulture Department. 2. Residue Analysis and Agmark Inspection by Laboratories. 3. Consignment creation, Online application for issue of CAG & PSC. 4. Certificate of Agmark (CAG) by Regional Agmark Office. 5. Issue of Phytosanitory Certificate by PSC Authorities. 6. Monitoring of Residue Analysis by NRL. Among the above activity Registration and Inspection of Exportable grape garden and issuance of Phytosanitory certification for Export and carried out by State government by On Line through Grapenet system very efficiently. Considering the area under grapes and export potential , Residue Monitoring System Grapenet is implemented in the State in 14 grape growing district viz., Nashik, Sangli, Pune, Ahmednagar, Solapur, Satara, Latur, Osmanabad, Beed, Kolhapur, Buldhana, Jalna, Aurangabad, Jalgaon and Nanded .Every year for registration of exportable grape garden , District Superintending Officer of Concern district are appointed as registration Authority and for inspection of grape garden 351 field officers are appointed as Inspecting authority. Every year about 19429 grapes garden are registered for export of grapes to European Union under Grapenet On Line system. Registered grape garden are inspected two time ie. at the time of registration and before sampling for residue analysis and report are updated on Grapenet software. Training are given to the registered grapes growers through trained field staff regarding maintance of plant protection record, use of registered and label claim pesticide, Mass awareness is created through print and electronic media Mass awareness programmes also created substantial impact among farmers. Advisories are issued by the experts as such knowledge gap is bridged. Hence, despite unfavorable climatic conditions in subsequent years after implementation of project there was no rejection of consignment on the ground of pesticide residues to European Union till 2014.

 3. How did the initiative solve the problem and improve people’s lives?
This was the first Pesticide Residue monitoring System for total traceability initiative implemented in country in the field of export of grapes for fulfills the SPS requirement and complete assurance to European Union. Software was developed for on-line Residue monitoring and advisory system. Rapid communication technology tools were used for effective and accurate dissemination of advisories to end users. It is an innovative multi-stakeholder initiative in the field of export of grapes to European Union . GRAPNET system is implemented on the scientific principals viz. Controlling Residue of Chemicals, Corrective action , establishing a surveillance system through registration , Inspection, residue testing , and Phytosanitory certification that helped to manage the residue problems and increase in export . As such, it is innovative in terms of much needed synergy in working for common cause among research institutes and Agriculture Department. Data is accessible to all stakeholder and farmers as such there is total transparency in the project.

C. Execution and Implementation

 4. In which ways is the initiative creative and innovative?
For giving assurance to European Union regarding pesticide residues in exportable grapes , total traceability on line software were developed in consultation with , State Horticulture Department , APEDA, NRCG and grape growers and exporters. The chronological activities of action plan implemented under project are given below, 1. Development of software – Software was developed by the APEDA, New Delhi in consultation with State Horticulture Department, NRCG, Grape Growers and Exporters. Software application developed and hosted on the web server (www.apeda.org.in) of APEDA. Software was developed for Registration, Inspection, Residue Testing, Consignment creation, online application for CAG & PSC, 2. Involvement of experts – Experts from APEDA, National research, Center for Grape , State Horticulture Department were involved for scientific inputs for software development. They have designed garden for export and updation on Grapenet and issuance of phytosanitory certification for export to comply the quarantine requirement of importing countries and or registration of exportable grape garden, Inspection of exportable garden recommendation for sampling for residue testing . 3. Capacity building – Knowledge updation of field staff is carried out by pre-seasonal and mid-seasonal trainings at NRCG level. The trained staff in-turn carry out on-farm trainings of grape growers. The feed-back under trainings is given to the experts for developing further pupation. 4. Registration - Registration of Exportable grape garden are registered every year in the month of October to December by getting application form from interested grape grower and registration is made on GrapeNet on line and unique computer generated registration no is given for 1 ha farm .( e.g.MH11PU238654) . District Superintending Agriculture Officer of concern district are appointed as Registration Authority. 5. Inspection – Inspection of grape garden for export grapes to European Union two Inspection are made compulsory. First inspection in 4A at the time of new registration and renewal and second inspection in 4B before sampling of grapes sampling for residue analysis and fit for export. Accordingly 4b report are updated online on GrapeNet . 6. Residue analysis – For sampling and residue analysis APEDA accredited residues laborites are authorized for sampling of grapes from registered and recommended grape garden. After analysis of samples result are updated online on GrapeNet by laboratory. 7. Agmark Certification-After receipt of the laboratory result , if the results found ok , then exporter are harvesting the grape from registered grape garden with consent of grower and material is stuffed at Apeda accredited pack house .For grading certificate exporter are creating consignment Id and forwarding application to Agmark authorized laboratory online for grading certificate .after verification of the material Agmark grading certificate assigned to the consignment and certificate are issued online through GrapeNet. 8. Phytosanitory certificate – Phytosanitory certificate are issued by State Horticulture department officers. After Agmark certified consignment application if given to PSC Authority online through GrapeNet . After physical verification of consignment and found free from pest and disease Phytosanitory certificate are processed on line and signed copy in preprinted stationary issued to concern exporter . Pest monitors are appointed to verify the activity of pest scouts. For every 10 scout one pest monitor is appointed. Apart from monitoring they also undertake roving survey and record observation in data sheet. 9. Mass Awareness – Registration and PSC Authority organize mass awareness campaigns at District and block level. Print media and electronic media are effectively used. Apart from that farmers training etc. are also organized. 10. State Level Steering Committee – Project steering formed under Chairmanship of Director APEDA involving all stakeholders to formulate guidelines; review and up-date project and suggest policy matters to Government.

 5. Who implemented the initiative and what is the size of the population affected by this initiative?
The details of stakeholder involved in project implementation of along with their roles is given below, Commissioner Agriculture (State Department) 1. Key implementing agency of the project. 2. Registration of Exportable Grape garden 3. Inspection and recommendation grape garden fit for export and sampling for residue analysis 4. Issuance of phytosanitory certificate for fulfilling the SPS and quarantine requirement of Importing countries i.e. European Union 5. Give location specific real time advice to farmers through SMS. 6. Mass awareness campaigns through electronic and print media. 7. Effective system has been put in place for monitoring of pesticide residues and management for export. Agricultural Processed Product Export Development Authority( APEDA) New Delhi 1.Preparation of RMP document 2. Coordination of all stakeholders 3.Maintance of GrapeNet software 4.Strenghthening of pack house facilities National Research Centre for Grapes, New Delhi 1. Nodal technical agency for development and maintenance of software. 2. Finalize Annexure -5 and Annexure -9 for use of recommended pesticides and analysis of pesticides. 3. Monitoring of Residue testing laboratory Work 4. Training to growers and field staff
 6. How was the strategy implemented and what resources were mobilized?
The project was financially supported under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY) of the Govt. of India. From 2012-13, the funding for the project was made through RKVY. Looking to the success of the project State Govt. has taken a policy decision to implement the project from 2013-14 onwards Under RKVY. State Agriculture Department is the nodal agency for implementation of the project. APEDA and NRC Grapes is the technical nodal agency for monitoring of the project. State Department has appointed field staff for registration of exportable grape garden and recommendation of grape garden for sampling for residue analysis and their on line Data entry work. For effective monitoring of these work at State level monitoring cell is established at Pune headquarter. APEDA has developed software in consultation with experts and State Department of Agriculture. The scientists from NRC Grapes provided technical input for software development. They have also helped in developing advisory capsules for dissemination. Data analyzed through software is interpreted by experts from research institutes for issuance of advisories. The project is implemented in major grape producing 14 districts of the state viz..Nashik, Sangli, Solapur, Satara, Pune, Ahmennagar, Latur, Osmanabad, Jalna, Beed, Aurangabad, Buldhana, and Nanded . Field staff are trained at NRC Grapes , data entry operators and software supporters are trained by APEDA experts. Advance it Facilities are provide to Registration Authority at District and for Inspecting Authority at taluka level . Monitoring of work is all field staff is monitored through online only . As per International Plant protection Convention ( IPPC) and Sanitary and Phytosanitory Measures(SPSM) for export of Grapes to EU Phytosanitory certificate is mandatory. Govt. of India authorize State official for issuance PSC for export .All PSC authority are trained and necessary advance it facilities are provide to them. PSC are issued through GRAPENET through online only. All date are made available on GrapeNet to all stakeholders.

 7. Who were the stakeholders involved in the design of the initiative and in its implementation?
1. Software Development - First time in the country pesticide residue and monitoring concept for export of grape to European Union was successfully implemented. Software for Residue monitoring on real time basis and advisory issuance was evolved and implemented resulting to automation and increased efficiency. Software has helped to improve delivery time of services. Direct technical advice from experts became possible and thereby bridging the gap between research and extension. 2. Human Resource Development - Capacity building through well structured training programmes conducted by APEDA and NRCGrapes have led to efficiency enhancement in extension officers functioning both at decision making level and grass root level. They have regained respect and confidence of farmers which appeared to be shattered there before. The field staffs that get trained through project will have the skills for becoming experts in future that will create self employment. 3. Knowledge sharing - The knowledge imparted to the farmers about the insect biology, damage potential, proper management practices and significance of biological control will go a long way helping them for achieve sustainable system-productivity. Farmers also gained confidence about pest identification and strategies to deal with it. 1. Residue Management - Residue monitoring system was developed for regular on-line residue monitoring for export of grapes to European Union.. Software developed is useful for maintaining data base for future use. The data generated is useful for early detection of pesticide residues in exportable grapes and to combat the same. Farm registration and inspection of grape garden and recommendation of garden for sampling of grapes for residue analysis has simplified the procedure for residue monitoring. Software helped experts to get analyzed data for issuance of Phytosanitory certification for Export Trained manpower is developed through the project. Despite climatic variations crop production and productivity is maintained. Pest population is consistently maintained below ETL. Pest management in eco-friendly manner became possible. Participatory response of farmers has increased substantially. The project was found to be highly cost effective in terms of area coverage and production obtained. Proved effectiveness of the project has helped to extend the project to other crops in the State. Since inception of project there is no rejection of consignment on the ground of detection of pesticide residues under project. Project proved to be extremely useful to Government to safeguard farmers interest by protecting the crop losses due to pest problems and minimize the pesticide residue resulted in to increase in residue free export, and establishment of India Brand for export that will ultimately increase farmers income and add to state economy and help in getting foreign exchange to the country.

 8. What were the most successful outputs and why was the initiative effective?
The activities of pesticide residue are monitored by the APEDA and State department, NRC Grapes regularly. The software has facility of data tracking for data entry and advisory dissemination. That helps for monitoring of data entry by exporters and Monthly progress reports are the tools for monitoring of physical and financial progress. Periodical meetings of the Project Monitoring Committee are conducted at State Level. Steering Committee at State Level also takes periodical review of the project for current scenario and project upgradtion. APEDA has carried out project evaluation every year. NABARD has carried out evaluation of RKVY projects in 2014

 9. What were the main obstacles encountered and how were they overcome?
There was no system existing earlier for scientific pesticide residue monitoring system . In consultation with experts software was developed for proper on-line residue monitoring ie farm to fork. While implementation of software initially it was noticed that in the registration and inspecting authorities are facing the software problem for updating on line date. to overcome the issue helpdesk facilities are created for solving the problem immediately resulted in to success the implementation of the project. Considering the response of the growers’ online registration and inspection and recommendation of exportable garden work is assign at taluka level for quick disposal. Initially EU country wise MRL are prescribed and it is very difficult to monitor at farmers and maintaince of record also. The issue was discussed with EU and MRL of all EU countries are harmonized in 2009-10. Bringing various institutes on common platform was another major challenge. By making them stakeholders under the project they were actively involved in project. All necessary facilities were extended to them to undertake the activity. Coordination of all stakeholders was sought through Coordinating Committee chaired under APEDA.

D. Impact and Sustainability

 10. What were the key benefits resulting from this initiative?
1. Organization Level – Residue monitoring system was developed for regular on-line residue monitoring for export of grapes to European Union.. Software developed is useful for maintaining data base for future use. The data generated is useful for early detection of pesticide residues in exportable grapes and to combat the same. Farm registration and inspection of grape garden and recommendation of garden for sampling of grapes for residue analysis has simplified the procedure for residue monitoring. Software helped experts to get analyzed data for issuance of Phytosanitory certification for Export Trained manpower is developed through the project. Despite climatic variations crop production and productivity is maintained. Pest population is consistently maintained below ETL. Pest management in eco-friendly manner became possible. Participatory response of farmers has increased substantially. The project was found to be highly cost effective in terms of area coverage and production obtained. Proved effectiveness of the project has helped to extend the project to other crops in the State. Since inception of project there is no rejection of consignment on the ground of detection of pesticide residues under project. Project proved to be extremely useful to Government to safeguard farmers interest by protecting the crop losses due to pest problems and minimize the pesticide residue resulted in to increase in residue free export, and establishment of India Brand for export that will ultimately increase farmers income and add to state economy and help in getting foreign exchange to the country. 2. Stakeholders Level – Easy to monitor and reduction in pesticide residue and complete traceability of the consignment i.e. farm to fork. Effective monitoring and reduction in no of documents .The data generated through project is immensely useful for Exporters. For all stake holder informative directory is made available on grapenet software. 3. Farmer Level – The capacity building has improved the level of pest identification among farmers. Farmers could now understand scientific Pesticide residue management concepts like MRL, PHI, Label Claim, and ETL. Location specific scientific advisories helped them to undertake appropriate control measures. The wasteful expenditure on plant protection could be saved resulting into reducing cost of cultivation with increased net returns. Pesticide demand by farmers is now need based instead of dealer driven. Farmers now opt for eco-friendly pesticide molecules and make judicious use of pesticides. The knowledge imparted to farmers about pest biology, damage potential, proper management practices and significance of bio-control will go a long them helping them for achieving sustainable system productivity. And residue free export quality and well aware about the MRL requirement of Importing countries .Grape growers are started export of their own produce to EU and other countries. Grape growers are getting better price for their produce .

 11. Did the initiative improve integrity and/or accountability in public service? (If applicable)
To put an end-to-end system. For monitoring pesticide residue, achieve product standardization and facilitate tracing back from retail shelves to the farm of the Indian grower, through the various stages of sampling, testing, certification and packing. It was welcomed and actively participated by all stakeholders in the supply chain of grapes export, namely The Farmers, State Government Horticulture Departments, The testing laboratories, Agmark Certification Department, The Phyto-sanitary department, Pack houses, Exporters,etc Following stakeholders have been granted access to use the GrapeNet System: APEDA registered Exporters/Pack houses/Laboratories, State Horticulture Department, Agmark Department, Phyto-Sanitary Department, and National Referral Laboratory. System is opened for registration of Grape farms by State Horticulture department, every year during October. Once the grape farms are registered and tested for exports to EU, the exporters can initiate their process of sourcing, packing and issuance of Agmark and Phyto-Sanitary certificate by Agmark and Phyto-Sanitary department respectively. Importers can also register with GrapeNet to access reports on the consignments exported to them. Initially Residue Monitoring System for export of grapes to European Union was successfully implemented and resulted in to increase in export of residue free grapes from 22375 MT to 64875 MT . Farmers are getting higher price, reduction in No of spraying resulted in reduce the plant protection cost. Export procedure is simplified and growers are taking part in export. Subsequently, considering its utility project was extended to Pomegranate crop in 2010(ANARNET). Further it was decided to implement for Mango,( MangoNet) and vegetable ( VegNet) crops. The GrapeNet project is successfully under implementation for past ten years. State Govt. has taken policy decision to continue the project and financial support is given under RKVY Scheme. As such, the project is proved to be self sustainable. On the success of GrapeNet , Ministry of Food Processing , Govt. of India has taken decision to implement Residue Monitoring System for export of Wine through WINENET form 2013-14 in Maharashtra and Karantaka Sate . Chief Secretary of the state has requested to APEDA to implement the projects on similar lines for Mango,( MangoNet) and vegetable ( VegNet) crops for export to European Union

 12. Were special measures put in place to ensure that the initiative benefits women and girls and improves the situation of the poorest and most vulnerable? (If applicable)
The lessons learnt through project are narrated below, 1. Every problem if dealt in right spirit has certain solutions that can be long term and effective. 2. Combined wisdom of experts and technical field staff can overcome the difficulties. 3. Collective approach by various agencies involved help to tackle the issue more effectively. 4. Sharing of information and group approach are effective media for proper implementation and visible impact. 5. Widening the horizons with every feedback can make the initiative more sustainable. 6. Data base generation and maintenance is very useful for planning future strategies. 7. Judicious use of pesticides can protect the crops with minimum disturbance to eco-system and minimize the pesticide residues. Recommendations for the future – 1. Involvement of pesticide industry in the project as stakeholder would certainly help for proper promotion of pesticide molecules and availability of new label claim molecule. 2. In case, the international network of residue monitoring is establish it may help for developing long-term research strategies and to counter the residue problems across the globe.

Contact Information

Institution Name:   Commissionerate of Agriculture, Pune, Maharashtra , India
Institution Type:   Government Agency  
Contact Person:   Dr. Umakant Dangat
Title:   Residue Monitoring System for Export GrapeGRAPENET  
Telephone/ Fax:   912026123648/26127707
Institution's / Project's Website:  
E-mail:   phytocell@gmail.com  
Address:   Commissionerate of Agriculture, Central Building, Pune, Maharashtra
Postal Code:   4110001
City:   Pune
State/Province:   Maharashtra
Country:  

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