Development of poverty children to get equally and good quality services
Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization

A. Problem Analysis

 1. What was the problem before the implementation of the initiative?
Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization is located in Lan Krabue District, the northeastern most district of Kamphaeng Phet Province, central Thailand. Nongluang Sub-District is 89 square kilometers large or 55,625 hectares. Currently 9,430 people are populated in 14 villages. Majorities are in agricultural industry, the majority of the population is low income. In overview, there is economic crisis, most parents have very low income, which is not enough for daily expenses. Therefore, they have to leave their children to stay with the elderly and let grandparents look after and teach their children. As rapidly populated in this sub-district and the areas nearby, varieties of problems occurred. As well as the poor, the number of foreigner workers is increasing dramatically which affected the community in Nongluang Sub-District. Childhood development was the one issues that our organization has been concerned with. Six Childcare centers had started in 2004, according to the concept of childcare development “Competency & Experience Based Learning”, which are physical, emotional, social, and intelligent. Nevertheless, children who live in the remote areas did not get equally receive a proper education. From this point of view, Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization tried to come up with six childcare centers. However, there are more problems such as; not enough building space and an improper environment. The elderly were not able to send and to pick up their children. As a result of this, children 2-5 years old from poor families had no chance to get a proper education. These problems needed to be solved. These childcare centers were welcome all children. All childcare centers were located in our local school areas which were not properly set up for childcare standards, as well as a limited budget to support them. Therefore, in 2012, Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization has the opinion of combined to one, and hire more local staff, in order to be better managed. In combining Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization has hired more staff to look after children in centers and provided transportation for children between centers and homes.

B. Strategic Approach

 2. What was the solution?
Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization founded childcare centers which focus on proper childcare development which are children’s physical, emotional, social, and intelligent well-being. The opportunity for all children in Nongluang Sub-District, included disadvantaged and poor children. The childcare center is managed by participation of Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization, local community, and parents, by focusing children’s needs and branded locality and multiculturalism.

 3. How did the initiative solve the problem and improve people’s lives?
In order to improve the living quality all over each sub-district, Six Childcare centers were started in 2004, according to concept of childcare development which are physical, emotional, social, and intelligent well-being. In 2012, these were combined into one childcare center, in order to have better management. • The main idea of the local childcare centers is to give children year 2-5 to get a proper child development for all children in Nongluang Sub-District. Goal 1. Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization has targeted to receive children from all over sub-district to be able to come to this childcare center 100 percent. 2. Children who come to our center will be received physical, emotional, social, and intelligent development which is concept of Competency & Experience Based Learning 100 percent. Strategic planning 1. One childcare center provides better and proper care for children. Physically, Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization has set building space suitable for learning and playing environment. 2. There are 2 different classes which are 2-3 years old and 3-5 years old in order to create effective learning as Competency & Experience Based Learning. 3. Give opportunities for all children in Nongluang Sub-District, included children whose parents are working in this sub-district. 4. Give healthcare services and activities for children in the center. 5. Approach all families which have children to participate and send children to the center. Childcare center provides transports for children. There is team from the center, visit children home to evaluate children learning progress. 6. The childcare center is managed by participation of Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization, local community, and parents, by focusing children’s needs and branded locality, and multiculturalism.

C. Execution and Implementation

 4. In which ways is the initiative creative and innovative?
Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization set to creative learning atmosphere and learning environment, in order to prepare better and proper care for children. The center wishes children who came to us to learn; 1. Communication Skills such as; Thai, other languages in ASEAN. 2. Learn about culture and wisdom knowledge. 3. Enhance basic “Sufficiency Economy” knowledge of King Bhumibol. 4. Healthcare activities by start at the childcare center to each house. 5. Learn how to use and create material from nature and organism. 6. Health inspections before children get into transport. 7. Enhance children to manage waste at both home and school. 8. Evaluate individual children to help problem solving.

 5. Who implemented the initiative and what is the size of the population affected by this initiative?
The childcare Center Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization is managed by participation of Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization, local community, and parents, by focusing children’s needs and branded locality, and multiculturalism. The management of the importance of early childhood development (2-5 years) to meet the needs of the local community for a solution to match the local context is vital. All citizens receive equal opportunities. Remove them from the local economic and social policy measures vision of education, religion, arts and culture to promote local development, parenting, early childhood (2-5 years), child poverty, disadvantaged migrant children to develop good fit by age. All sectors of the importance of developing children as well as by the all parties involved, to continue the consultations, operational and command appointments. Assignment plan defined in the Child Development Center. Services parenting young children (2-5 years), child poverty, disadvantaged migrant children, and to develop the appropriate age. The benefit is affected to children and their families who live in Nongluang Sub-District. The childcare center provided day-time care for children while their parents and/or grandparents go to work. These people will get opportunities to develop and learn with appropriate direction under concept “Competency & Experience Based Learning”. On the other hand, the childcare center hire local workers to work in the center which is profit to other areas such as; social, and community, et. The positive impact will be; 1. Children get effectively and equally education and development. 2. Parents have more time to work. 3. Community members have some opportunities to share their point of will, and working together with official. 4. The childcare center as a learning study effectively can be place and model for other organizations to study and to improve their own.
 6. How was the strategy implemented and what resources were mobilized?
In 2004, Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization founded six of childcare center, according to concepted of childcare development which are physical, emotional, social, and intelligent. In 2012, these were combined into one childcare center, in order to provide better management. The main idea of the local childcare centers is to give children years 2-5 proper child development for all children in Nongluang Sub-District. In order to mobilize the strategy; 1. Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization combined into one childcare center, in order to provide better management by agreement to every part in sub-district. 2. Concept “Competency & Experience Based Learning” which will be use and teach to children between 2-5 years old. Children are center while learning and let them generate their ideas, observe, do experiment and so on. 3. All children are welcome to the childcare center with no fees. The center will provide lunch, milk, stationary, et. 4. Promote healthcare knowledge from center to children and children to their families. 5. Evaluate individual child to help problem solving by visiting each family to transfer knowledge to each of their member. 6. Encourage all community and all sector to participate by focusing on children, parents’ needs and local context as a core. For example, teach parents to lace their children in appropriate way. Resources that the childcare center has; 1. Budget that runs the center, came from Department of Local Administration and Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization. 2. Staff members have to graduate in childcare degree and have at least 3 years’ experiences working with children which suit to the childcare’s concept. 3. Equipment and instructional media, there is committee to search, evaluate and to purchase, in order to use effectively.

 7. Who were the stakeholders involved in the design of the initiative and in its implementation?
The childcare center is operated by; 1. CEO of Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization, who acted as an advisor, set policy, and manage budget to the childcare center 2. School principle acted as committee, who look after strategic plan and give some advice. 3. Head of childcare center; manage, operate the center, look after human resources in the childcare center 4. Caretaker; look after children. 5. Chef; make healthy and clean foods for children 6. Maid; look after cleanliness 7. Representative of community; participant and give public opinion 8. Representative of parent; as committee helping choose instructional tools and activities 9. Senior in community; pass wisdom knowledge, tradition and culture 10. Temple and monks; teach moral for both children and teachers 11. Schools in Nongluang Sub-District; participate in area of curriculum 12. Nongluang Sub-District hospital; look after healthcare services and healthcare planning 13. Rajapat Kamphaeng Phet University; develop learning processes 14. Public Health Office of Kamphaeng Phet; participate, evaluate and advice area of child development

 8. What were the most successful outputs and why was the initiative effective?
From strategic planning that Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization childcare center has been use. It can point into three main ideas; 1. Physical readiness, the childcare center has set an alluring space where suited for children. The surrounding environment and space management harmonize to number of children. It can be seen that this childcare center is place for research and development. 2. Learning System and Process of the center have been set up according to the concept “Competency & Experience Based Learning” which are physical, emotional, social, and intelligent well-being, as well as enhance ways of living, wisdom knowledge, and basic “Sufficiency Economy” of King Bhumibol. There are 2 different classes which are 2-3 years old and 3-5 years old. 3. All children are welcome to the childcare center with no fees. The center will provide lunch, milk, stationary, and transportation, etc. 4. Approach all families which have children to participate and send children to the center. Childcare center provides transport for children. There is team from the center, visit children home to evaluate children learning progress. 5. The childcare center is managed and practiced by participation of Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization, local community, and parents, by focusing children’s needs and branded locality, and multiculturalism. There is some successful achievement which can be complied SDGs (Sustainable Development Goal) such as; 1. Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere; 2. Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all ages; 3. Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all; 4. Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

 9. What were the main obstacles encountered and how were they overcome?
Some parents have to work very far from home, they did not allow children to come to childcare, or children have to be alone when they reach home. The development of these children is slow both physically and intellectually. Although, some parents are divorced, these affected to children. That is why, childcare staffs have to observe and to evaluate children individually. In some case, staff has to visit children at home and approach to parents, in order to prevent aggressive behavior or slow development in children who have problems. Staffs have to give an intensive care. Moreover, staff will check and handover children directly to parents or grandparents to prevent children stay alone.

D. Impact and Sustainability

 10. What were the key benefits resulting from this initiative?
Childcare Center of Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization has achieved goals that have been set up by team committee as; 1. Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization has received 100 percent of children in sub-district to be able to come to this childcare center. Records showed that; 2014 Number of children came to childcare 187 Citizen of Sub-District 158 Non-Citizen of Sub-District/Foreigner 28 2015 Number of children came to childcare 203 Citizen of Sub-District 171 Non-Citizen of Sub-District/Foreigner 32 2016 Number of children came to childcare 204 Citizen of Sub-District 164 Non-Citizen of Sub-District/Foreigner 40 All of them received an effective and equal education and development. It can be seen that 65.46 percent is in high level of child development and the less is in mid-level. 85.22 percent of children had received a high level of healthcare and appropriate nutrition. 2. Children who come to our center will be received physical, emotional, social, and intelligent development therefore they were very welcome to study in local school. By local school’s evaluation, Childcare Center of Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization has received 100 percent acceptant. 3. Parents have confidence in the childcare center, and accepted what activities and learning process that their children had done. 4. Childcare Center’s committee has 96.52 percent satisfaction. 5. Parents’ satisfaction levels of services and appropriate care was 90.96 percent.

 11. Did the initiative improve integrity and/or accountability in public service? (If applicable)
Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization has policy that the childcare center has to serve equally for all children. Member of committee are coming from varieties of people in Nongluang Sub-District, integrated between government sectors and public sectors for transparent, merit and social awareness. Committees will work in same policy and same goal with services mind that response to community. Participants from the public sector are set up as; 1. Advisor Council; Management team of Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization, public sectors and verity areas of expertise advise the management team of the childcare center 2. The Core Committee; School principle, community’s leaders, public health volunteers, teachers work on strategic planning. 3. The Sub Committee; Representative of parent, seniors in the community, Nongluang Sub-District hospital, and education expertise search, evaluate and to purchase equipment and instructional media. 4. Internal Assurance Committee; Deputy Sub-District Administrative Organization, education expertise, School principals and teachers evaluate and inspect service quality. 5. Enhance children and community to have a transparency and social awareness attitude. Teach children about ethical behavior and merit. 6. Set up activities for children and community to have a transparency and social awareness attitude. Teach children about ethical behavior and merit.

 12. Were special measures put in place to ensure that the initiative benefits women and girls and improves the situation of the poorest and most vulnerable? (If applicable)
Childcare center, in order to provide better management. The main idea of the local childcare centers is to give children year 2-5 to get a proper child development for all children in Nongluang Sub-District, for free. Children will get to Learning System and Process of the center have been set up according to concept “Competency & Experience Based Learning” which are physical, emotional, social, and intelligent as well as enhance way of living, wisdom knowledge, and basic “Sufficiency Economy” of King Bhumibol. There are 2 different classes which are 2-3 years old and 3-5 years old. After been in childcare center, they will be observed and evaluated individual development in area of; physical, emotional, social, and intelligent. Result will be informed to parents, in order to improve individually.

Contact Information

Institution Name:   Nongluang Sub-District Administrative Organization
Institution Type:   Academia  
Contact Person:   Samita Akkawong
Title:   Chief Administrator of the SAO  
Telephone/ Fax:   +66 558 57711 / +66 558 57714
Institution's / Project's Website:  
E-mail:   samita_509@hotmail.com  
Address:   119 Moo7 Tambon Nongluang
Postal Code:   62170
City:   Lankrabue District
State/Province:   Khampangphet
Country:  

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