Apichet Panjarat
Sakaeo shelter for children and families

A. Problem Analysis

 1. What was the problem before the implementation of the initiative?
Sakaeo is located in eastern part of Thailand which is close to the border of Cambodia. Hence the transit points are along the borders between Thailand and neighboring countries. There are an estimated 556,922 people living in Sakaeo. Sakaeo has been established for 4,000 years. There are some Cambodians who migrate to Thailand seeking jobs. It is clear that Sakaeo has faced the problem of human trafficking as well as other social problems. Human trafficking is a global problem and one of the world's most shameful crimes, affecting the lives of millions of people around the world and robbing them of their dignity. Sex trafficking, sex tourism, trafficking for labor and servitude, and commercial sexual exploitation are all part of a growing global phenomenon of modern slavery. The exploitation of human beings for profit takes many forms, including sexual exploitation, forced labour, child trafficking and domestic servitude. Traffickers can be any age, gender, ethnicity or nationality. In many cases traffickers are related to or are close acquaintances of those they are exploiting. Many trafficking victims from many countries migrate willingly to Thailand seeking employment, often with the assistance of relatives and community members or informal recruitment networks. Registered and unregistered labor brokers serve as intermediaries between job-seekers and employers; some collaborate with employers and, at times, with corrupt law enforcement officials. Some migrant workers incur exorbitant debts, both in Thailand and in countries of origin, to obtain employment and are subjected to debt bondage. Traffickers, including labor brokers of Thai and foreign nationalities, bring foreign victims into Thailand. Brokers and employers reportedly continue to confiscate identification documents. The victims of human trafficking always face the problem because they are assisted in the wrong way or they may not know how to request some help from the government. The number of the victims of human trafficking is not available because they migrate illegally. Not only the problem of human trafficking we face, but also a social problem. Nowadays, there are casinos settled in Cambodia. This in turn leads to crime and social problems. The project named “One Home for Development on Assisting Victims of Trafficking” of Sakaeo Shelter for Children and Family has been launched for assisting victims of human trafficking including children and women. This project has been activated in Sakaeo for a long time by supporting all related sectors in Sakaeo. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) also accepts this project.

B. Strategic Approach

 2. What was the solution?
Sakaeo Shelter for Children and Family works with stakeholders such as government organizations (Office of social development and human security in provincial level, Office for the Destitute, local police, provincial employment office and non-government organization including private sector. We integrate work in order to discuss about the problems and set the solution for the discussed problems. We work with many organizations in Thailand, Cambodian organizations and a Japanese organization which is called Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). At first we are faced with challenges but we can cope with them with cooperation from other said sectors. Finally, Thailand government raises the problem of human trafficking into its National Agenda. Hence, it is easier to work with other sectors. Sakaeo Shelter for Children and Family uses four key actions in solving the problem of human trafficking. There are Capacity Building, Intelligence Exchange, Campaign, and Remedy and Rehabilitation. ‘Capacity Building’ is for the better victims screening process of multidisciplinary team officials. Well-trained, designated mobile multidisciplinary teams were very effective in interviewing potential victims and could be good models to be used in other areas. We use ‘Intelligence Exchange’ in reviewing law about human trafficking in order to solve the problem regularly. For the ‘Campaign’ aspect, we try to assist the ones who will be a victim of human trafficking escape or avoid being a victim of human trafficking. For ‘Remedy and Rehabilitation’ we are changing the attitude of people towards human trafficked victims and the stigma of human trafficking. If the negative stigmas can be addressed people can live in the society happily after they have faced the problem of human trafficking.

 3. How did the initiative solve the problem and improve people’s lives?
1 Identify victims Identify victims and where are they from. For example, Sakaeo is a source, destination, or transit area for men, women, and children subjected to human trafficking. 2 Grade the result and action in combatting human trafficking Grade the result of actions in combatting human trafficking into 3 tiers. Tier 1 is for the actions which fully meet the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s (TVPA) minimum standards. TIER 2 is for the actions which do not fully comply with the TVPA's minimum. Tier 3 is for the actions which do not fully meet the minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so. 3 Protection We use alternative methods to protect against human trafficking. Firstly, try to register labors in our areas. Secondly, those identified as victims of trafficking are placed in a shelter where physical and mental health is assessed. They are offered medical, legal, psychosocial, recreational and educational services, as well as livelihood training. They are also prepared for repatriation and reintegration, after which there is an evaluation of their reintegration. Third, try to integrate related organizations in order to take care of victims when they are sent back to their home country. Fourthly, try to use volunteer network in order to take care of victims before they will be sent back to their, home communities. Interpretation services for potential victims remain limited, and poor understanding of trafficking indicators by front-line officers, as well as the lack of private spaces to screen potential victims, may have led to many trafficking victims not being identified. 4 Assisting victims Demonstrate some progress in its law enforcement efforts to combat human. Make a priority that the workers, who experienced the exploitation are deemed "victims" and not “criminals”. 5 Promoting the process of hiring legally We try to promote being hired legally. 6 public relations We try to a raise awareness of and to call for public cooperation in the fight against human trafficking with the core objectives of human rights, gender equality, and safe migration. Also, acknowledge people about one stop service crisis center (OCSC 1300) which is 24 hours service for assisting victims of trafficking. The One Stop Crisis Centre (OSCC) includes a hotline managed by trained staff, a network of 22,000 crisis centres around the country and 1,300 mobile units to access communities nationwide. The crisis centers will receive complaints, transfer cases and coordinate responses between Government agencies. This service will assist victims of trafficking by integrating all related sectors under the campaign “One Home for Development on Assisting Victims of Trafficking”.

C. Execution and Implementation

 4. In which ways is the initiative creative and innovative?
Integrated management is the key area we focus. Integrated management is a socially defined concept that is interpreted and understood in a variety of ways. Integrated management system is to integrate all of an organization’s systems and processes in to one complete framework, enabling an organization to work as a single unit with unified objectives. We also concern about benefits of public people. Our strategy is setting think tank teams, to check or evaluate our action. Importantly, we use reliable and updated data to be a base of our action plan. Also, in our organization it needs to be an accountable workplace. We believe that accountability has a clear link to higher work performance. It’s also known to improve creativity and innovation. We try to give benefits to our employees who work efficiently. Awakening Organization is also our theme. We try to acknowledge our team workers such as Training of employees. We believe that training is the process of enhancing the skills, capabilities and knowledge of employees for doing a particular job.

 5. Who implemented the initiative and what is the size of the population affected by this initiative?
Sakaeo Shelter for Children and Family under Department of Children and Youth is the main sector. Director-General and Deputy Director-General of Department of Children and Youth are our consultants and main persons to support our work about human trafficking. Sakaeo Shelter for Children and Family also cooperates with all related sectors both government and non-government such as Office of social development and human security in provincial level, for the Destitute, local police, provincial employment office, Ministry of Education, Royal Thai Police, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Tourism and Sports, Department of Consular Affairs, Thai embassies and diplomatic missions abroad. The population in Sakaeo is about 556,922 people. Others are people who migrate from other countries. From the statistics, in 2016, there are 381 victims of human trafficking. There are 93 men and 288 women. There are 212 people from Thailand, 69 people from Loas PDR, other 69 people from Myanmar, 24 people from Cambodia and 7 people from other countries. Most victims of Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation are Thai. Most victims from Trafficking for Forced Labour are Myanmar. Some victims especially Cambodian are forced into street begging. Notably, most victims are under 18 years old. Most victims of human trafficking migrate to Thailand by helping from brokers whom the victims have never known before. The victims of human trafficking will be sent to other provinces to be the labours. In addition to Thai victims of trafficking, some of these migrant workers are also believed to be forced, coerced, or defrauded into labor or sex trafficking. There are reports that some of those labor trafficking victims are exploited in commercial fishing, fishing-related industries, factories, and domestic work. Some migrant workers who are trafficking victims are deported without proper screening due to inconsistencies in the victim identification process. Some victims are forced into street begging. Sex trafficking remains a significant problem in Thailand’s extensive sex trade—often in business establishments that cater to demand for commercial sex. Thailand is a source, destination, and transit country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. For Thai people, they are the victims in sex trafficking working in both Thailand and other countries. Displaced persons, minorities and other marginalized groups are vulnerable to human trafficking. Sex trafficking victims are typically found in sex clubs, basement brothels, remote massage parlors and street prostitution.
 6. How was the strategy implemented and what resources were mobilized?
Plan for protection of women, children and families. Prevention and Suppression of Human Trafficking a master plan to determine strategies to prevent human trafficking. With the focus on the measures. Then raising the monthly clearance and public awareness which will include the development of competent personnel to aid human trafficking. Strategic defense and prevention the emphasis on performance measures. Raising the monthly clearance In places / areas vulnerable to human trafficking. Publicity campaign through various workshops to educate. And related meetings projects and activities focused on creating awareness to the public. And capacity building of officers of the law against human trafficking. And laws the meeting was to strengthen cooperation with the relevant authorities in both countries. And international Strategic litigation law enforcement and the integration of operations in conjunction with law enforcement agencies involved intensive. and take legal measures to punish the offenders are required. the building is divided into sections like leadership, team building, corporate team building quality. and strategies proposed to the federal government recognizes the importance to accept the modified policy. the problem of human trafficking Creating love, understanding the work on the basis of humanitarian aid. This is different from a historical perspective to solve the problem of human trafficking with a view to the enemy. Seen as a problem that needs to be changed to push the understanding. Which require more power to you and encouraging team work is essential. The basic personnel often overlooked and tend to think with their brains, thus resulting in a drop goal in the level of consciousness, but when the decision to transcend the barriers of leadership in times of crisis, essentially required. Momentum from a strong heart and a conscious focus sharp. And interest that doing good for the King was inspired by the great buried within the subconscious of citizens Thailand. Great to be able to appreciate the differences of professional opinion. A clear goal of success. It is important to understand the nature of what the administration. Create adapting to the changes. Adaptability when confronted with change. Changes happen all the time. The only thing certain is uncertainty. Integrating confidence and faith in the capacity that exists in us and the team. Appreciate and respect the uniqueness of one of our staff and a good different, unique and different, not like a critical attitude to the power of ideas. Taking into account the various different powers with regard to victims who have been helped at the center. Create a process to happiness Working as a group aims to focus on the victims to get help build pride in working to help the victims. The problem of human trafficking we went to find success as we see customers or clients will be happy and glad. The driver of a smile to happen from inside of us.

 7. Who were the stakeholders involved in the design of the initiative and in its implementation?
Victims of human trafficking, both in Thai and foreign processes related to work together as a team Sakaeo shelter for children and families and office of Sakaeo Social Development and human Security klongnamsai self-help land settlement Sakaeo Protection Center Immigration Bureau Policed division and NGO Thai Cambodia and Japan The team includes individuals with the knowledge, skills, abilities, specializations, different work together To strive to resolve problems together as a system. The process is based on the same goals and objectives. Evaluate the problems and plan and perform together. Contact continues There is a shared responsibility from beginning to end the process. Complex conditions Borderless World The growth in transport Information Technology As well as defining the legal definition. Exploitation and forced labor A new form of human trafficking There is also a network of business law is more complex. Become transnational crime Poverty the exploitation of poor people who need jobs to earn a good attitude, values, social factors that exploit children and women. The exploitation of the many activities and infringement. Risk of disease the risk of violence is ignored. And the dangers of working experience related to human trafficking, victims of human trafficking needs to be taken care of both health and mental processes of human trafficking, which led to an operating model for integration. This is to the benefit

 8. What were the most successful outputs and why was the initiative effective?
This project is a product of good practices and lessons learned in working on trafficking under the partnership networks. One Home for Development on Assisting Victims of Trafficking projects a good practice for security personnel and victims. To prepare the staff to help assess the risks carefully grilled, as is planned for the staff to answer the phone when the accident occurred. And to assist the police or hospital clinic immediately helping children or women who are victims of trafficking in sensitive details. And fragile It must have staff who are trained well to prevent errors. Without planning to firmly tightened May cause people to help the victims and not be safe for work. The officer must have a friend or a partner. It is necessary to take a pragmatic approach. Sorting by victim multidisciplinary screening. Causes of human trafficking in the area. Thailand's higher education the selection of works chosen profession Workers lack labor and fishery workers The migration of people from the neighborhood came to Thailand. The frustration of registered foreign workers. Born broker registration process for foreign workers instead. Foreign workers change employers frequently they have hired undocumented workers Result in the exploitation of human trafficking, especially prostitution. Forced labor and begging Thailand has three states of origin, destination and transit. Performance management 1. Prioritize personal safety and security identify and minimize risks 2. Do no harm be compassionate but neutral 3. Get informed consent with no coercion 4. Ensure anonymity and confidentiality to the greatest extent possible 5. Adequately select and prepare interpreters and field teams 6. Prepare referral information, and be prepared for emergency intervention 7. Do not hesitate to help others put your information to good use 8. Based strategy 5Ps Prevention Protection Policy Partnership and Prosecution

 9. What were the main obstacles encountered and how were they overcome?
Policy issues in a clear overview of the policy to the local. there are also people who have conservative approach to the concealment does not want the media to make the public aware of concerns about damage to its image It is difficult to work with media and NGO resource management problems and a limited budget, the government increased the burden of measures to implement the policy. Evaluation and reporting system and clear the union. Coordination is also integrated with little experience. as the coordinator of the local government. Lack of integration of public to encourage public participation, lack of unity and lack of connection to the problems. Dislocation lack of transparency reliability the causes and solutions Solutions by One Home for Development on Assisting Victims of Trafficking project Are there any policies structure data management and building partnerships both within and outside its effectiveness the principle is 1. Creating transparency in the implementation of practical policy level, public agencies have earned the trust of local people confidence. The data center is the correct date. 2. Create credibility of news and public relations. Adjustment method to be effective 3. Create an effective integration. Cooperation policy practical cooperation a data center practices to prevent human trafficking operated in an efficient manner. 4. Increases in the policy of partnership, transparency, reliability is key. Build effective cooperation policy. on the subject of proceedings for registration of a screening policy overview. Reliability, transparency and the involvement of the team.

D. Impact and Sustainability

 10. What were the key benefits resulting from this initiative?
The public will be protected and healed the damage caused by the breach of the offense of trafficking in a fair, safe and stable it was. Rights under the law, according to the dignity of the human being to be covered, regardless of gender, race, religion or other features. And does not affect the right to quality of life, education, children are forced to beg lack opportunities to receive education grants deprived children. Right to Healthcare. The problem of human trafficking as such. Outbreak by AIDS As a result of extortion to prostitution to sexual exploitation of women and children. This is a disaster and problems both inside and outside the country at large. Reduce social problems in areas such as organized crime, either internationally, nationally and locally. Reduce drug problems in the local community, which is a consequence of human trafficking. Human trafficking is a threat to the problems of the chain. This movement is a serious crime that can be applied directly to the public, but also a crime against the weaker secretly hidden. Business in black and gray. Even such a latent form in the labor service. The oppressive labor, child labor and requires arduous work that lacks independence. When these problems are reduced to these children who have been helped to return to the love of parents, teachers, under a secure environment. Generosity and care Utopian, it is the law that is conducive to work. And government policies were driven from the real problems in society that actually happened. The moral ethics People not subjected to slavery and no sales force or threatening. There is no problem of supply in order to entice a child into prostitution and the drug problem in the area. a number of cases dropped Children can stay in business under tightened security organizations with good governance under the supervision of social workers and parents of children who are parties to the network. people do not fall in risk. to be hazardous to health the lack of quality in the factory In the wireless business, fishery inspection in the past. Society is more secure the monitoring and surveillance of the cases relating to human trafficking. Decreased sexual harassment and do not be slaves in factories or chemical plants that are dangerous without good protection system. or work in a hazardous environment unhygienic physical volume, temperature, vibration, chemicals and work under difficult circumstances. or for longer periods at night. No workers were quarantined

 11. Did the initiative improve integrity and/or accountability in public service? (If applicable)
One home for the development of assisting victims of trafficking projects and integration of mobilizing all sectors within the Sakaeo province. Operation driven integration planning. Forward the plan to the different parties, to government, private sector NGO and the media all the time and place of execution. Rotate each unit and center at Sakaeo shelter for children and family Guidelines of each district and set the direction for development work. The potential of each area and prioritize projects according to sources, the unified budget and assign responsibility coordinated plan of each group, or other funding sources the total requested budget Government agencies, private and NGO. Integrated data for each district in trafficking information about the economic problems and the needs of people who have suffered problems related to human trafficking. Analyzing the potential strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, obstacles, focus on the common vision, mission, strategy. Strategic plans and community integration together. And the need to monitor and follow up the treatment, prevention, rehabilitation and healing. Stage hearing put plans into practice, with the priority of the issue and the mission agency, which is hosting the mission to host and support. Participation self-evaluation and external evaluation and surveillance of NGO organizations both at home and abroad from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Human trafficking and the problems that have affected the overall shared responsibility. Public Benefit more specifically, the safety of life, property providing relief assistance to vulnerable victim of trafficking employment and vocational training to facilitate all about. Time to meet the needs of and demands of individuals. The main task of the state is required to do under the program. Security State Safety Individuals and society as a whole to take care of the social order to prevent recurrence. The Chief Justice, with neutrality, equality and continuity. Timely response to the needs and circumstances such as career coaching career actually present.

 12. Were special measures put in place to ensure that the initiative benefits women and girls and improves the situation of the poorest and most vulnerable? (If applicable)
Women and children who are abused have continuing psychological problems and remedies for these are needed. An obstacle to growth is not age-appropriate and disabled people and malnutrition becomes a burden to society. Rescue plan Protection and welfare 1 Development of personnel To educate the mass media of all types. Development, network management, training and manuals to assist in the protection of children and women who are committed to justice and knowledge. 2 Have a home safe shelter for women and children assistance surveillance in shared service centers 24 hours. OSCC One stop service crisis center assisting medical rehabilitation and legal proceedings 3 Creating a national network for the integrated curriculum for teaching about children's rights, women's rights, human rights, women's roles. 4 Encourage research institutions including professional organizations. NGO Women and children encouraged to create works of academic research to prevent and tackle trafficking. 5 Monitoring statistics, analysis and synthesis of information on human trafficking, violence against women and children.

Contact Information

Institution Name:   Sakaeo shelter for children and families
Institution Type:   Local Government  
Contact Person:   Piruntip Burkhamsri
Title:   Social worker  
Telephone/ Fax:   +6637247331
Institution's / Project's Website:  
E-mail:   apichet_21@yahoo.co.th  
Address:   200
Postal Code:   27000
City:   sakaeo
State/Province:   sakaeo
Country:  

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