CDC:MMC
Roi Et Municipality

A. Problem Analysis

 1. What was the problem before the implementation of the initiative?
The slum community along the canal in the area of Roi Et Municipality is a place where some local residents reside temporarily. Also, this is over the historical ruins of the city. This area is in public ownership but they are still living violating the ownership rights. Most of the population in the canal slum is low income which results in many family problems such as family disunity. The children do not live with their parents. Even worse, some parents have to escape poverty by going out to work for money in other provinces. As a consequence, they leave young children with elderly grandparents who are often desperately ill. Nevertheless, some children's parents are in prison for drug offenses. Child care and health care are left to chance which makes children of school age underprivileged. The slum community has also developed a drug problem in the city. As a result from being underprivileged community, the slum children lack the opportunity to get a formal education. Also, preschoolers lack preparation for school quality. Some children have to attend school over the age limit. These types of students are mostly found in Municipality schools. When they have not received a proper education, they tend to lack employment opportunities. This makes their working life become unstable. Their quality of life tends to result in low income. Physical effects also found. Their quality of nutrition is under standard. Food insecurity is found from their growth with lacking of valuable dietary and nutrients. Therefore, unstable healthcare is related to poor disease prevention. In terms of environmental and social security, life quality of the slum population is at risk of severe insecurity from living in a degenerative society. This decline leads to insecurity of the society, problems of unstable life and family. For economic effect, poverty obviously contributes to the poor healthcare of children. For social effect, the children lack educational opportunities. Results from children are related to drug abuse and crime among youth in slum communities and surrounding communities. Insecurity of life is directly affecting the Municipality of Roi Et and broader communities.

B. Strategic Approach

 2. What was the solution?
Roi-Et Municipality’s education department has adopted the Montessori teaching style to use in the Child Development Center. Since early childhood development is crucial for developing citizens, the council recognizes it to become a core theme for child development. From an early age, the brain grows most rapidly; therefore this is a time of optimal development. In addition, this age range is desirable for developing moral discipline and desirable traits such as learning enthusiasticism and concentration. The development of such desirable features is needed to be taught for the potential of each child. Teaching by the Montessori approach can meet the requirements in this regard as well. Roi Et Municipality has seen success in examples in educational management using Montessori. It is agreeable to be applied to the context of Roi Et. This Child Development Center is the pioneer center where it has adopted the Montessori approach in local context. Specifically, the Montessori approach instruction intergraded in local context of Roi Et is outstanding. Its main focus is on appropriate child development to meet the individual needs of learners and the local community. Montessori teaching materials have produced locally in the province. They enhance children’s concentration, disciplines, patience, and error correction autonomously. Children using local-produced learning materials tend to have more pride in their learning outcome. They meet the objectives in early childhood development as a desirable growth. In the national level, they would be both happy people and good citizens of Thailand in the future.

 3. How did the initiative solve the problem and improve people’s lives?
Roi Et Municipality is a government sector who plays a vital role in the developing and bring prosperity to the local population. It is both responsible for providing healthcare to citizens and improving the quality of life. In addition, it serves development roles for the economy and society to fix the problems and needs of the people. Once the city becomes a livable city, the people would have a better quality of life. The goal of development starting from cradle to grave; pregnancy, education, workforce, and elderly care. It ensures to have all citizens to receive services to improve their lives properly and equally. For childcare development, the Municipality had established its CDC (Child Development Centers). In those early days the CDC, had not yet developed a core curriculum. Later, Roi Et Municipality had the idea is to manage the development of CDC for pre-school education level which included instructional management to develop local children for holistically good physical, emotional, psychological, social and intellectual aspects. Children could be ready to adapt themselves for basic skills which are important for higher education level. Teaching with the Montessori approach, is the application of innovative education to CDC. It focuses on how children learn by their needs and interests from the prepared environment of the CDC. It takes into account the differences of individual child. With tailor-made activities, they are in accordance with interests of the students. They can practice on their own to develop the potential within each one. The teaching process is organized to encourage students to develop their full potential and natural. Children learn from practical experiences. This is the fact that children have made the learning in continued process. Also, a combination of knowledge and experiences in the field has enhanced the cultivation of virtue, discipline, ethical values for the children. Montessori instruction in local Roi Et context is combining seamless activities to develop local children.

C. Execution and Implementation

 4. In which ways is the initiative creative and innovative?
Teaching by the Montessori approach was the initiative of Dr. Maria Montessori, an Italian doctor. It is based on observation of students according to the actual situation. It is believed that learning happens by itself. The individual is no longer as dependent on each other because people are encouraged to be curious by nature and the passion in pursuing knowledge. Montessori's teaching was previously initiative for the disabled and abnormal development by adopting teaching for a better result. Montessori's theory is widely accepted around the world. With this method of teaching, students can read, write and calculate in a natural way; like the way they walk and talk. They have chances to work on timing of their personal interests and availability. The aim of Montessori helps the children to learn and work independently. Children are helped to develop a sense of responsibility and self-control, as well as social skills. The children learn to act as the good members of the group. The children develop emotion and their adjustment to society. They have selective intelligence ability when dealing with complex social context. They can make a selection among various choices. It is seen that the Montessori's instruction allows children to develop their own way of learning with self-control and enhances holistic development.

 5. Who implemented the initiative and what is the size of the population affected by this initiative?
Roi Et Municipality performs its responsibility in improving the quality of life, economy and society to solve problems and meet the needs of the people. It aims to serve a better quality of life to access to public services. The CDC (Child Development Center) was founded in 1998 to provide services to disadvantaged children in the slums to be treated equally in education as the other children of the same age without admission fees. Initially there was no school building. Later, a community health center was used as in the classroom. As of the survey result, there were 32 children with education disadvantage living in the slum community aged 2 years 6 months to 4 years. Roi Et Municipality had established partnerships with parents in the slum community to bring their children to attend the Child Development Center. The children attending the CDC represented 100 percent of all children in the community.
 6. How was the strategy implemented and what resources were mobilized?
The action plan of the CDC is in accordance with the needs and problems of children in the community. Participation is involved with administrators, teachers, parents and community. Objectives are targeted at those responsible for supporting the community. Resources assignments to the projects of CDC are involved with all sectors. Criteria for assessment and evaluation of the implementation are to be related to the objectives. As a consequence, all of the results, evaluation, comments, and suggestions are gathered for the program improvement in next year. Roi Et Municipality adopts Montessori approach as the innovative education management for its CDC in local context. A modified Montessori system was used, which was relatively expensive for maintaining and difficult to buy, some media which unsuitable for local children. It is modified for the local context by using natural instructional materials which are obtainable from the local as learning media. These modified instructional materials are also based on the same Montessori learning objectives. Using of local materials is not only economic but is also a cultural preservation. Children have a chance to know local wisdom through learning at CDC such as weaving machines and other equipment for use in life. For example, 'Kratib' (bamboo box for sticky rice container), 'Soom' (bell-shaped fish trap made from bamboo stripes weaving )

 7. Who were the stakeholders involved in the design of the initiative and in its implementation?
There are three main groups of stakeholders as follows: 1. Students and Teachers: Roi Et Municipality has contributed in making education in CDC successful. Children achieve good progress on all aspects of development. They learn happily and are ready with good foundation to study in a higher level. To the teachers, they developed professional expertise and can teach effectively. They earn the trust from parents. As a result, the success leads to an extension of practice to other centers in the network. 2. Parents and Community: They participate in educational management by assistantship to CDC and by supporting resources such as giving scholarships, participating as a speaker, and being local knowledge providers. Cooperation in the activities is willingly organized. The parents love and cherish this Community Children Development Center. 3. Department of Local Administration and Roi Et Municipality: They are taking parts in supporting fund to build a school building, teaching equipment, allocation of teachers for child care. They also support teaching method of Montessori education for the Child Development Center in Roi Et Municipality area. Teachers are encouraged to receive training and ongoing development. This makes the children in the community to receive educational services and be prepared as appropriate as the age and quality. Fortunately, the Child Development Center, of Roi Et Municipality has been selected as the Excellence Award of Child Development Center of Excellence which becomes prototype of child development center, management. This award was given by the Education Council of Thailand.

 8. What were the most successful outputs and why was the initiative effective?
The cooperation of the community and parents, by using the event created a joint solution. It allows teachers to share ideas and learning activities by using the Montessori education for quality development. The impact on children's learning making them to developed continuously. 100% of preschoolers have received education services. The development is supported appropriately to age and needs of the learners. The instructional media based on Montessori's approach is produced from local materials. By using it, the skills of children become better in life. Even hyperactive children become more disciplined and been practiced on waiting. They tend to be independent and can help themselves on basic tasks. To the parents and relevant person, they are satisfied with their children. After the development assessment for children in all aspects, individual development was seen from the observation and behavior of the children. They can answer interview questions effectively for the assessment.

 9. What were the main obstacles encountered and how were they overcome?
Problems are related to the establishment of childcare center and problem in developing the teaching approach of the center. 1) Establishment of the centers. It required space in the slum community to build the center while the community along the canal was quite congested and every house was built on historical and publicly owned land. Homes were difficult to move out. In order to establish the daycare centers, some families needed to sacrifice their space for the establishment of daycare center. All related agencies both Roi Et Municipality and the community had consulted on various occasions to find mutual solution. The Municipality provides substitute areas for households from the area agreed to given their land to establish the center. The conditions under which the rights can be transferred to a family member but it cannot to be sold. Finally, they signed the agreement. Refund of land areas required mutual talk which assisted by other agencies. Both parties had to foresee the benefits to occur together. Many families agreed to move away. Consequently, the establishment of daycare centers had been achieved. 2) Problem with teaching style. The Montessori education that been employed to use in the children development center is an effective teaching model, Montessori's teaching materials are quite limited to obtain and are costly. The council has a limited budget to develop. While expanding the number of children in the community to attend the center was quite slow. Due to limitations, Roi Et Municipality joined forces with consultants with expertise to find a way to justify the use of the media. The materials become cheaper and easier to find in local. They were adapted for use as alternative media for Montessori education. There was finally new teaching model which developed for children preparation and be consistent with the local context. It can be a model to other child care centers to study and adapt from it.

D. Impact and Sustainability

 10. What were the key benefits resulting from this initiative?
The establishment of the child care centers in this community is beneficial to underprivileged children to have equal access to education to children of the same age. From the survey, parents were satisfied to the services. Every year, parents involve education by taking part in instructional workshop to have them realize about the education and teaching. This caused further mutual knowledge in teaching to their children. The teacher and the children learned from parents and the community in which teachers did not know about local expertise such as garland weaving and Thai dessert cooking. While the parents and the community had chance to learn from teachers on how to teach children. Children learn how to be discipline, to help them, and to concentrate on activities. The children do not only have the teacher in the school, but also parents from the community to help take care of them and also involved in providing feedback regarding teaching activities. Community members could contribute to the center, making parents more confidence in sending their children to study at the Child Development Center. Data from the Survey of Social Development and Human Security, Roi Et Province, in this slum community, the social issues that are likely to decline steadily in the past years. Sample statistics for the year 2012 and year 2015, issues of housing and the environment. It found that the households that do not have ownership of land had decrease from 27 households to 13 households. Issues of health problems, people with chronic alcoholics were decease from 7 to be 3 people. More serious drug addictions such as amphetamines, ecstasy, inhalants, marijuana were also decreased from 9 people to 3 people. People with HIV/AIDS were not found. Children did not attend compulsory education (preparing the child care centers, or other pre-enrolled students) were not found. In 2012 social issues such as unemployment was 3.65% while in 2015 this dropped to 1.96% of the population in the community. The satisfaction survey of residents in the community survey, 87.5% were satisfied with the environment of the community and 79.63% agreed that the community is safe from drugs and mingling location. Each year, the Child Development Center conducts the satisfaction on many parts such as parents, people in the community, teacher, and executive committees. Data collection is done twice per semester as before and after bringing their children to be educated at the Child Development Center.

 11. Did the initiative improve integrity and/or accountability in public service? (If applicable)
Roi Et Municipality has developed different methods in service. The personnel are aware of the service widely. They adopt various strategies to instilled service mind to officials/employees of the organization as the core value. This is anchored for awareness to arise in the mind. Morality and ethical integrity are in the heart of service to the public. Roi Et Municipality won numerous awards to guarantee its works such as Excellent Management Award from the Local Administration Organization for several years in a row, winning the King Prajadhipok Award by King Prajadhipok's Institute. The later award has encouraged and motivated local governments to have realized the importance of good governance in local government. In particular, the principle of transparency in the administration and the involvement of citizens in the administration of local government are the high and important metric to carry. The major indicators are as follows: public access to information, response to the problems and suffering of the people, participation of citizens in preventing corruption, participation of citizens in the initiative and proposed projects, participation in public affairs of the local council, and the involvement of the social opportunities. In addition to the development and improvement of services are at the heart of local government. Moreover, the management has prepared the policy on awareness of morality of the staff. For example, ethics training, big Sunday events are introduced to the employees to know how to sacrifices with a mind filled with virtue.

 12. Were special measures put in place to ensure that the initiative benefits women and girls and improves the situation of the poorest and most vulnerable? (If applicable)
There are no special measures due to the Child Development Centers serving education to all children equally. In cooperation with parents and the community, the children are ready to develop with their full potential. The children learned by themselves freely. They learn on life skills. They have good concentration and are disciplined. Children learn happily to be grown as citizens in the civil society for a better world.

Contact Information

Institution Name:   Roi Et Municipality
Institution Type:   Local Government  
Contact Person:   Banchong Kositsitchiranan
Title:   Mayor  
Telephone/ Fax:   66043511222/66043513394
Institution's / Project's Website:  
E-mail:   planning120@gmail.com  
Address:   Roi Et Municipality, Thewaphiban Road
Postal Code:   45000
City:   Muang Dist
State/Province:   Roi Et Province
Country:  

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