Basic Info

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Nominee Information

Institutional Information

Member State Bangladesh
Institution Name Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture
Institution Type Autonomous
Administrative Level National
Name of initiative Development of Crop Varieties and Soil, plant Management Technologies
Projects Operational Years 11
Website of Institution

Question 1: About the Initiative

Is this a public sector initiative? Yes

Question 2: Categories

Is the initiative relevant to one of the UNPSA categories? Category 2: Enhancing the effectiveness of public institutions to reach the SDGs

Question 3: Sustainable Development Goals

Is the initiative relevant to any of the 17 SDG(s)? Yes
If you answered yes above, please specify which SDG is the most relevant to the initiative. (hold Ctrl to select multiple)
Goal 1: No Poverty
Goal 2: Zero Hunger
Which target(s) within the SDGs specified above is the initiative relevant to? (hold Ctrl to select multiple)
1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
2.1 By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
2.3 By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment
2.4 By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
2.5 By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed
2.a Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries

Question 4: Implementation Date

Has the initiative been implemented for two or more years Yes
Please provide date of implemenation (dd/MM/yyyy) 01 Jul 1984

Question 5: Partners

Has the United Nations or any UN agencies been involved in this initiative? No
Which UN agency was involved? (hold Ctrl to select multiple)
Please provide details

Question 6: Previous Participation

1. Has the initiative submitted an application for consideration in the past 3 years (2017-2019)? No

Question 7: UNPSA Awards

Has the initiative already won a UNPS Award? No

Question 8: Other Awards

Has the initiative won other Public Service Awards? Yes
If yes, please specify name, organisation and year. President Award Bangladesh 1987 BAAS Award Bangladesh 2000 Crest and Certificates from ICRISAT

Question 9: How did you learn about UNPSA?

How did you learn about UNPSA? GOVERNMENT

Question 10: Validation Consent

I give consent to contact relevant persons and entities to inquire about the initiative for validation purpose. Yes

Nomination form


Question 1

Please briefly describe the initiative, what issue or challenge it aims to address and specify its objectives (300 words maximum)
Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA) is primarily mandated to make peaceful use of nuclear and advanced techniques to boost agricultural production. The specific objectives of the initiative are:  to ensure a stable and productive agriculture through evolution of new varieties of crops  scientific management of land and water, development of appropriate technology to improve quality and quantity of crops  development of methods for control of disease and insect, and management of pest  carry out demonstration or trial-runs of new varieties of crops and their management practices  to ensure transfer of technologies to farmers as well as feedback from them to research programs.

Question 2

Please explain how the initiative is linked to the selected category (100 words maximum)
BINA has developed several high yielding, short duration, stress tolerant, nutrient rich, and premium quality varieties of cereals, pulses, oilseeds, jute, and horticultural crops as well as climate resilient technologies for sustaining agricultural production. BINA is also working for the improvement of landraces for stress tolerance and high yield potential. These technologies have been contributing to increase cropping intensity, enhancing biodiversity and increasing farmer’s income. All these efforts are contributing to food and nutritional security of the country.

Question 3

a. Please specify which SDGs and target(s) the initiative supports and describe concretely how the initiative has contributed to their implementation (200 words maximum)
The initiatives are directly related to SDGs Goal 1 (No Poverty) and Goal 2 (Zero Hunger). The first two SDGs are highly dependent on the profitable and sustainable agriculture. The initiative supports the following targets: 2.1 End hunger and ensure food access by all people, 2.2 End all forms of malnutrition 2.3 Double the agricultural productivity and income of small-scale food producers 2.4 Ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices 2.5 Maintain the genetic diversity of crops, cultivated varieties and their related wild species BINA developed high yielding crop varieties and modern crop management practices are playing significant role in increasing productivity in agriculture. By cultivating the salt tolerant rice varieties of BINA, 30% of the salt affected lands could be brought under cultivation. Through the cultivation of submergence tolerant rice varieties of BINA, will bring about 50% of flash-flood affected lands (1.3 million ha) of Bangladesh under cultivation. These varieties will produce almost 6.5 million tons of additional food by 2030 which will help to ensure food security of the country. Furthermore, by the cultivation of short duration crop varieties, farmers can accommodate one or two more crops in their filed which ultimately returns more profit to the farmers and eliminating poverty.
b. Please describe what makes the initiative sustainable in social, economic and environmental terms (100 words maximum)
BINA has developed crop varieties tolerant to different stresses e.g. drought, salinity and submergence. Salt tolerant rice varieties Binadhan-8 and Binadhan-10 covers 20% of total rice cultivable land in Bangladesh, while submergence tolerant rice varieties Binadhan-11 and Binadhan-12 increases the rice yield in submergence prone areas. Moreover, short duration and low-input varieties (Binadhan-17, Binadhan-19) are contributing to increase cropping intensity and more economic benefit to farmers. BINA developed bio-fertilizers for leguminous crops are helping in maintaining soil-health. Water-efficient technologies are helping to maintain sustainability in water resources. Thus the varieties and technologies are contributing to sustainable and economic agricultural production.

Question 4

a. Please explain how the initiative has addressed a significant shortfall in governance, public administration or public service within the context of a given country or region. (200 words maximum)
The dry, north-western part of Bangladesh receives low rainfall, thus low yield of Aman-rice. Short duration rice variety Binadhan-7, Binadhan-16 and Binadhan-17 escapes drought and facilitates mitigation of ‘Monga’ (seasonal unemployment) in north-western part. Two submergence tolerant rice varieties Binadhan-11 and Binadhan-12 can tolerate up to 20-25 days of submergence, and can produce 5.0-5.5 t/ha of yield under stress condition. These varieties could be a hope for the farmers in the flash flood prone areas. ‘Binadhan-14’, short duration, late transplanting potential, high temperature (~36ºC) tolerant variety. Due to its special features, farmers can accommodate an extra crop like mustard, lentil, vegetables, etc. Binadhan-20, a biofortified rice variety contains 27.5 ppm zinc and 25-31 ppm iron which can supplement zinc and iron for children, pregnant and lactating women. About 30% nitrogen fertilizer and 50% water saving Green Super Rice Binadhan-17 is contributing to the production of high yield at low cost. Salt tolerant rice varieties ‘Binadhan-8’ and ‘Binadhan-10’ can accomplish normal growth in saline (8-12 dS/m) soil. Through the cultivation of these two varieties, it will be possible to bring almost 30% of the salt affected lands under rice production. Thus, fallow lands of coastal saline areas will be under cultivation.
b. Please describe how your initiative addresses gender inequality in the country context. (100 words maximum)
BINA developed technologies are also related to Gender equality (Goal 5) and Climate action (Goal 13). ‘Gender equality’ is achieving through the creation of opportunity and involvement of women in the agricultural activities by BINA developed agricultural technologies. ‘Climate action’ is achieved through sustainable natural resource management by the development of climate resilient technologies.
c. Please describe who the target group(s) were, and explain how the initiative improved outcomes for these target groups. (200 words maximum)
BINA developed 117 high yielding varieties of 18 different crop species through mutation and other advanced techniques. BINA also developed 109 technologies of soil, water and agronomic management. These crop varieties and management technologies are playing a significant role in Bangladesh agriculture ensuring food security. BINA developed crop varieties and agronomic technologies covers 12-14% which ensure increased cropping intensity, higher income of farmers and improved livelihood of farmer’s community.

Question 5

a. Please describe how the initiative was implemented including key developments and steps, monitoring and evaluation activities, and the chronology. (300 words)
BINA has 13 research divisions (at Head Quarters, Mymensingh) and 14 regional research and extension centres throughout the country. Overall, the research activities are monitored by senior scientists and divisional Heads, and Director Research. In addition, a formal research monitoring and evaluation committee supervises the field research, farmers trials, and seed production activities. The developed promising crop mutants/lines are tested at regional stations along with National Seed Certification Agency. After formal application to the concern national seed certification agency, it is monitored and evaluated with a committee, and the report is placed to the National Technical Committee of National Seed Board (NSB) for final decision to accept or reject the mutants/lines as a variety. In case of technology, it is evaluated by an institutional Task Force/committee, and then finally accepted or rejected it by the controlling authority.
b. Please clearly explain the obstacles encountered and how they were overcome. (100 words)
 Lack of Modernization and Mechanization at farmers level  Most of the farmers are illiterate  Ignorance of new technologies  Lack of Funds  Poor Infrastructure/ Lack of social amenities.  Lack of facilities to preserve seeds  Loss of land to natural disaster, urbanization and industrialization. These obstacles may be overcome by trained farmers about new technologies, field demonstration and cultivating high yielding crop varieties. The use of modern mechanization techniques are popularizing day by day.

Question 6

a. Please explain in what ways the initiative is innovative in the context of your country or region. (100 words maximum)
In the past, southern part of Bangladesh (the seasonal saline prone area), and the north-western drought-prone area were cultivated by local, low-yielding crop variety resulting low crop yield. BINA developed stress tolerant and high yielding varieties brought a revolutory change in such problematic areas. BINA developed other short-duration rice crop varieties creates opportunity to include pulse and oil-seed crop, and thus increased cropping intensity of the country, and thus contributing a great deal to change national economy and social well-being.
b. Please describe, if relevant, how the initiative drew inspiration from successful initiatives in other regions, countries and localities. (100 words maximum)
The initiative has taken by BINA which is recognized by national and international organizations, and thus drew attentions of local and foreign institutes/organizations and hence inspired them a lot. The salt tolerant rice varieties (Binadhan-8 & Binadhan-10) and submergence tolerant (Binadhan-11 & Binadhan-12), short duration variety (Binadhan-7 & Binadhan-17) of BINA has been distributed to India and Nepal through tri-partite agreement with IRRI’s coordination and also distributed to Srilanka, Vietnam, Thailand, Pakistan, Myanmar and several African countries.
c. If emerging and frontier technologies were used, please state how those were integrated into the initiative and/or how the initiative embraced digital government. (100 words maximum)
BINA has been using nuclear instruments and tools/techniques. The 60Co and Gamma source are using to irradiate the seeds to create variability in characteristics, and finally helped to choose a desired crop variety. The biotechnology lab of BINA are helping to diagnose/ensure the target gene of desired character, thus helping to identify stress tolerant and nutrient rich varieties. Moreover, use of nuclear tools and techniques helped to identify appropriate management technology for potential crop yield.

Question 7

a. Has the initiative been transferred and/or adapted to other contexts (e.g. other cities, countries or regions) to your organization’s knowledge? If yes, please explain where and how. (200 words maximum)
As a part of the mandate, the developed crop varieties and technologies has been transferring to farmers of the country through 14 substations (local office), farmers training, through the channel of Department of Agricultural Extension, training, demonstration farmer’s field day, and mass media. In regard to the context of adoption to other countries, BINA developed crop varieties are even adopted to abroad.
b. If not yet transferred/adapted to other contexts, please describe the potential for transferability. (200 words maximum)

Question 8

a. What specific resources (i.e. financial, human or others) were used to implement the initiative? (100 words maximum)
With a total of 132 scientists (having 100% MS and 60% PhD degree), BINA is conducting research with the aid nuclear and advanced technologies. BINA has a good number of specialized equipments (e.g. 60Co source, IRMS, Neutron Moisture Meter, etc.) and also uses isotopic tracers for problem solving activities in plant-soil-water system. BINA is also getting technical support from International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), which helped to continuing nuclear aided research.
b. Please explain what makes the initiative sustainable over time, in financial and institutional terms. (100 words maximum)
Crop varieties (rice, pulses, oil seeds) and technologies (in the field of soil, water, insect-pest, and other agronomic management) developed by BINA are climate resilient (biotic and abiotic stress tolerant), short duration, and high yielding. These special characteristics make them sustainable over time. The short duration varieties facilitated increased cropping intensity (more crop per year per unit of land) which makes them financially profitable.

Question 9

a. Was the initiative formally evaluated either internally or externally?
b. Please describe how it was evaluated and by whom? (100 words maximum)
National Seed Certification Agency (NSCA): Growing crop varieties under different field conditions 9at different agro-ecological zones of the country). National Seed Board of Bangladesh: Based on the technical report of technical committee and evaluating all factors, the board certified a line/mutant as a new variety. Institutional technology evaluation committee: For the management technologies, the committee evaluates the field performance and recommend for release a technology.
c. Please describe the indicators and tools used (100 words maximum)
For the crop variety: yield data (superiority to the existing one), quality (nutritional, cooking, etc.), resistant/tolerant to biotic and/or abiotic stresses, input requirements (lower/higher), climate resiliency, economic superiority. For the technology: Climate resiliency, economic superiority, input availability, sustainability, environmental aspects (hazardous or not).
d. What were the main findings of the evaluation (e.g. adequacy of resources mobilized for the initiative, quality of implementation and challenges faced, main outcomes, sustainability of the initiative, impacts) and how this information is being used to inform the initiative’s implementation. (200 words maximum)
Based on the forthcoming programs/initiatives, the required financial budget is demanded to the Government through Ministry of Agriculture. Upon the approval of the budget, detail program are called to the component divisions. During the technical discussion/evaluation of the programs/initiatives, the experts place their opinion based on the resources (technological, financial, manpower capacity), and the programs/initiatives are finalized for short-term, medium-term and long-term basis. Accordingly, the initiatives are forwarded to the respective implementation units/divisions. If required, additional budget are demanded to the ministry with reason, and the resource is mobilized upon availability and satisfaction.

Question 10

Please describe how the initiative is inscribed in the relevant institutional landscape (for example, how it was situated with respect to relevant government agencies, and how the institutional relationships with those have been operating). (200 words maximum)
BINA is National Agricultural Research System (NARS) Institute under the umbrella of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC), and under financial and administrative control of Ministry of Agriculture of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. BINA has 13 research divisions (at HQ, Mymensingh) and 14 regional research and extension centres throughout the country. The research activities are monitored by senior scientists and divisional Heads, and director research.

Question 11

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development puts emphasis on collaboration, engagement, partnerships, and inclusion. Please describe which stakeholders were engaged in designing, implementing and evaluating the initiative and how this engagement took place. (200 words maximum)
BINA has linkage with several local organizations like DAE, BADC, NARS Institutes, and Universities, NGOs (BRAC, GKF, Proshika, BAUEC), and International organizations like FAO, IRRI, IAEA, ICRISAT, ICARDA, IEDA/CAAS, MNA, CNRRI, AVRDC, UNDP, IDB, etc. Through joint collaboration, BINA developed specific problem solving technologies and disseminate them to end users (farmers).

Question 12

Please describe the key lessons learned, and how your organization plans to improve the initiative. (200 words maximum)
Lesson learned: - Sustaining agricultural growth under dwindling land and water resources is challenging, specially under climate vagaries - Collaborative research work is useful for problem solving under global change condition with local and international institutions/organizations. Plan to improve initiative: - Capacity building (improvement of skill of the scientists, particularly to initiate basic research) - Partnership with other relevant national and international organizations - Research projects targeting specific problem solving.

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