Basic Info




联合国成员国 巴西
机构名称 Instituto do Meio Ambiente e Recursos Hídricos - INEMA
公共部门机构类型 国有
行政层级 区域的
项目名称 Programa Harpia de Gestão da Vegetação Nativa do Estado da Bahia
项目运行年份 5




该倡议与UNPSA类别之一相关吗? 2: 提高公共机构效率以达到可持续发展目标


13.2 将应对气候变化的举措纳入国家政策、战略和规划
13.3 加强气候变化减缓、适应、减少影响和早期预警等方面的教育和宣传,加强人员和机构在此方面的能力
15.1 到2020年,根据国际协议规定的义务,保护、恢复和可持续利用陆地和内陆的淡水生态系统及其服务,特别是森林、湿地、山麓和旱地
15.2 到2020年,推动对所有类型森林进行可持续管理,停止毁林,恢复退化的森林,大幅增加全球植树造林和重新造林
15.5 采取紧急重大行动来减少自然栖息地的退化,遏制生物多样性的丧失,到2020年,保护受威胁物种,防止其灭绝
17.3 从多渠道筹集额外财政资源用于发展中国家
17.7 以优惠条件,包括彼此商定的减让和特惠条件,促进发展中国家开发以及向其转让、传播和推广环境友好型的技术
17.14 加强可持续发展政策的一致性
17.16 加强全球可持续发展伙伴关系,以多利益攸关方伙伴关系作为补充,调动和分享知识、专长、技术和财政资源,以支持所有国家、尤其是发展中国家实现可持续发展目标
17.17 借鉴伙伴关系的经验和筹资战略,鼓励和推动建立有效的公共、公私和民间社会伙伴关系


请提供实施日期。 01 1月 2017


Other UN agency xxx
请提供细节。 xxxxxxxxx







题 9: 您是如何得知联合国公共行政奖的?

您是如何得知联合国公共行政奖的? UN

题 10: 问题九:确认同意


Nomination form


题 1

The HARPIA program started from actions carried out in part of the Atlantic Forest biome, since 2016. In that year, the state of Bahia occupied first place among the Brazilian states that most lost Atlantic Forest remnants and this generated a reaction in order to confront the situation. Considering relevant results obtained with the actions to monitor the Atlantic Forest and the increasingly imminent need to improve the management of native vegetation, the scope of actions was expanded with the objective of monitoring the native vegetation of the three terrestrial biomes in the State.

题 2

The HARPIA program is aligned with a Category 2 program because it has the goal of providing subsidies to guide more public policies for combating or neutralizing deforestation and for advancing the restoration of native vegetation in the State of Bahia.

题 3

a. 请具体说明该项目支持哪个/些可持续发展目标和具体目标,并详细说明该项目如何为这些目标的实施做出了贡献。(最多200字)
The Harpia program has been developed with the perspective of achieving the goals defined by the 2030 Agenda and by other international agreements signed by Brazil regarding the management of native vegetation. For the 2030 Agenda, the program highlights the development of actions aimed at achieving the following goals: 13. Action against global climate change - the program is focused on combating deforestation and increasing ecosystem restoration, thus promoting the reduction and sequestration of atmospheric carbon. 15. Terrestrial life - Combating deforestation by restoring native vegetation the Harpia Program promotes the conservation of terrestrial ecosystems 17. Partnerships and means of implementation - adopting low or no cost management tools and with a simple implementation format based on institutional partnerships, the program guarantees that it can be replicated by other public entities.
b. 请描述一下该项目如何在社会、经济和环境方面具有可持续性。(最多100字)
The program adopts low or no cost management tools and a simple implementation format based on institutional partnerships. In economic terms, the program uses human and technological resources already available at INEMA, and eventually, there is an extra contribution of resources from partnerships and agreements. In social and environmental terms, the initiative is seen as a continuous activity that provides gains as it progresses.

题 4

a. 请解释该项目如何解决特定国家或地区范围内的政府管理、公共行政或公共服务方面的重大缺失。 (最多200字)
The idea of ​​instituting a program for the management of native vegetation in the state came up from actions carried out in part of the Atlantic Forest biome since 2016. In that year, Bahia ranked first among the Brazilian states that lost the most remnants of the Atlantic Forest and this generated a reaction in order to face the situation. Until then, there were no tools or institutional models for vegetation management, only the legal competence on the subject was exercised. The program came to organize the actions already developed and implement others in order to accelerate the fulfillment of goals established in international agreements.
b. 请描述该项目如何解决国家背景下的性别不平等问题。 (最多100字)
Not applicable. The initiative focuses on environmental management, there are no actions that specifically address gender inequality.
c. 请描述该项目的目标群体是谁,并解释该项目给目标群体带来的改善成果。 (最多200字)
Not applicable. The focus of the initiative is environmental management, there is no definition of target groups.

题 5

a. 请描述该项目是如何实施的,包括关键发展和步骤、监测、评估活动以及年表。 (300字)
In mid-2016, after a national report indicating the state of Bahia as having lost the most vegetation in the Atlantic Forest biome, the state management team, assisted by the environmental technical team, started to implement technological tools for monitoring the native vegetation, obtaining in 2017 the first practical results: monitored polygons. The field inspection actions and application of administrative penalties to infractors started being based on these data. Over time, the number of monitored polygons and actions to repress deforestation had increased and other needs related to the management of native vegetation emerged. In 2021, an ordinance established the program's goals and constituted a work team responsible for defining the strategies to achieve these goals and to coordinate the implementation of these strategies.
b. 请清楚地解释所遇到的障碍以及这些障碍是如何被克服的。(100字)
The obstacles faced while implementing the program were of technical, technological and financial order, as well as of government management. To overcome the technical, technological and financial challenges, processes were developed coupled with automated image download and pre-processing systems that allowed the monitoring cycle to be carried out nearly in real time, making costs irrelevant and all inputs and software came from free sources, while the operational technical team was the one that INEMA already had. To overcome management obstacles, institutionalization through a legal act was the main success factor.

题 6

a. 请说明在您所在国家或地区,该项目在哪些方面具有创新性。(最多100字)
The initiative was established based on the identification of the lack of accurate information about the loss of native vegetation, which led to failures in the implementation of management actions on this vegetation. The creation of computerized systems that allow mapping the loss and restoration of native vegetation makes it possible to establish management actions that are much more agile and effective in the conservation of biomes. Besides this, the fact that the program is implemented at a very low cost.
b. 如果相关,请描述该项目是如何从其它国家和地区的成功项目中获得灵感的。(最多100字)
Based on the demand for accurate information about the loss of native vegetation, the inspiration for implementing the tool was the remote monitoring carried out for many years in the Amazon by the Space Research Institute (IMPE), renowned in the scientific community. It was necessary to adapt part of the processes and its technical characteristics to the reality of the territory of the State, and from the development of the monitoring tool, several other actions were increased, leading to the creation of the HARPIA PROGRAM for managing native vegetation in the state.
c. 如果使用新兴技术和前沿技术,请说明这些技术如何整合在倡议中以及如何包含数字政府。 (限制100个字)
The development of the monitoring tool involves the use of geotechnologies. The region currently monitored did not have spatial data on the loss of native vegetation organized in good quality geographic databases. The tool will make it possible to integrate the spatial data produced by it with other management tools used by the institution.

题 7

a. 根据您的组织信息,该项目有没有转接或适用到其它情况(例如,其它城市、国家、或者地区)?如果有,请说明在哪里以及是如何进行的。(最多200字)
So far, although the State of Piauí has shown interest in learning about the program and adapting the initiative to its reality, it has not actually been implemented in that State.
b. 如果尚未转移/适用到其它情况,请描述其转移的可能性。(最多200字
The entire implementation model of the program is based on Brazilian public management concepts and uses free technologies, making its implementation in other federative units in the country very feasible.

题 8

a.使用了哪些具体资源(例如财务、人力或其他资源)来实施该项目? (最多100字)
In the four initial years of the development of the tool, no financial resources were invested. The human resources available at the institution were responsible for developing the program's activities. The technological resources (software and hardware) were also the ones the institution already had. After this period, financial resources were invested to acquire software and hardware to make improvements the data produced.
b. 请从财务和机构角度来解释,是什么确保该项目的长期可持续性?(最多100字)
The initiative is financially viable because it uses free technologies and free inputs, in addition to being implemented by the institution's own technical staff, dispensing with funding for practically all program activities. Its sustainability is guaranteed by two factors: the legal competences defined for the entity and the formal and legal institution of the program through an ordinance.

题 9

a. 该项目是在内部还是外部正式评估的?

题 10

请描述该项目如何被列入相关的制度环境(例如,它与相关政府机构的关系如何,以及与已运行机构的关系如何)。 (最多200字)
Monitoring and overseeing the conservation of the state's native vegetation is a legally established competence for the entity. Implementing and operationalizing the program is an innovation and a challenge in the institutional context considering that there are no such broad initiatives in other national public entities. The Public Ministry of the State of Bahia, as the entity responsible for overseeing the institution's activities, is a key element that drives the development of the program when it exercises its function, demanding from the entity actions that guarantee the conservation of native vegetation.

题 11

2030年可持续发展议程强调协作、参与、合作关系和包容性。请描述哪些利益相关方参与设计、实施和评估计划以及这些参与是如何实现的。 (最多200字)
Among the main partnerships established for the implementation of the program, two deserve to be highlighted: the MapBiomas project and the State Public Ministry. MapBiomas performs remote monitoring work on Brazilian biomes and was a key partner in the implementation of the monitoring tool, providing data that expands its monitoring capacity. The State Public Ministry, as the entity responsible for overseeing the institution's performance, proved to be a great partner, helping especially in legal actions to combat deforestation.

题 12

Among the lessons learned, the advances promoted by the use of software to organize management activities, the cost-effectiveness of using free data platforms, the importance of carrying out and strengthening institutional partnerships, the importance and advantage of optimizing the activities carried out by the technical body of the agency, the strength generated by the creation of legal mechanisms for consolidating initiatives and the advantages of having an established team to manage the initiative. The publication of a document with the program's action strategy points out the main actions that will still be implemented to improve it. We can highlight: expansion of the monitored area until reaching the entire state territory, improvement of the software tool used for monitoring, the establishment of new scientific, technical and financial partnerships, the legal establishment of plans and goals for the conservation and expansion of native vegetation areas, increasing data storage capacity, making tools and inputs available , training actors involved in the management of the state's native vegetation and establishing mechanisms for evaluating the impact of program actions.